When should you use multiple separate batteries vs a single battery with multiple UBECs?
I'm trying to design the power system for a small 2-wheeled robot. Aside from the 2 main drive motors, it also has to power an Arduino, a Raspberry Pi and a couple small servos to actuate sensors.
- the motors are each rated for 6V with a peak stall current of 2.2A
- the Arduino uses about 5V@100mA
- the Raspberry Pi uses about 5V@700mA
- the servos each use 6V and have a peak stall current of 1.2A.
So the theoretical max current draw would be
2.2*2+.1+.7+1.2*2 = 7.6A.
Originally I was planning to use three separate Lipo batteries:
- one 12V using a step-down converter to power the main drive motors for 6V@4.4A peak
- two 3.7V lipos each with step-up converter (rated for 5v@3A) to handle the servos and logic separately
Then I discovered UBECs, which sound too good to be true, and they seem to be both cheap (
<$10) and efficient (
>90%) and able to handle my exact volt/current requirements.
Should I instead use a single high-current 12V lipo with three UBECs to independently power my drive motors, sensor motors and logic? Or will this still suffer from brown-out and power irregularities if a motor draws too much current?
What am I missing?