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Robotics simulators represent the world in software. They range in complexity from the simple and only operate in a top-down 2D world, or very complex with photo-realistic rendering and physics model…
the tendency of a force to rotate an object around an axis, fulcrum, or pivot.
A motor, not necessarily electric, which converts energy into some kind of motion.
a widely used high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language.
a closed-loop servomechanism, typically used in radio control model, hobby or small-scale robotics applications. It usually consists of a motor coupled to a sensor (e.g. potent…
Forward kinematics refers to the use of the kinematic equations of a robot to compute the position of the end-effector from specified values for the joint parameters
the extraction of 3D information from digital images, such as obtained by a CCD camera.
Correlate the readings of a robot's instrument, sensor, etc. with those of a standard in order to check its accuracy. Adjust experimental results to take external factors into account or to allow com…
the use of data from moving sensors to estimate change in position over time.
a combined camera and infrared depth sensor mounted on a motorized pivot and was originally developed for the Microsoft XBox 360.
A set of machine-readable instructions (most often in the form of a computer program) that directs a computer's processor to perform specific operations.
a process by which data from several different sensors are "fused" to compute something more than could be determined by any one sensor alone.
an outdoor localization system that measures time of flight of a radio signal from a number of satellites in earth orbit.
the construction of a spatial representation by using the sensory information perceived
the matrix of partial derivatives of a function. For robot arms, the Jacobian relates joint velocities to end-effector velocity. Jacobian Inverse Kinematic method is one method t…
transmitted as a sequence in time. Main advantage: Fewer wires needed. Main disadvantage: Higher bandwidth required for the same throughput.
Lidar (also written LIDAR, LiDAR or LADAR) is a surveying technology that measures distance by illuminating a target with a laser light. Lidar exists as an acronym of Light Detection And Ranging.
the parameters associated with a particular convention for attaching reference frames to the links of spatial kinematic chains, or robot manipulators.
a compiled general-purpose programming language that adds object-oriented features and other enhancements to the C language. It is popular for both embedded (including robotics) and PC software…
a consumer-grade autonomous vacuuming robot sold by [iRobot](http://www.irobot.com/).
the strategy to find a path towards a goal location being optimal or not
electronic speed control/controller, used for DC motor speed control, frequently for RC applications.
A computer environment where robot parameters can be tested without the need for a physical robot.
typically a wheeled robot with light sensor(s) beneath it. The goal of the robot is to follow along a line with a distinct color or intensity, e.g. black on white background.
a simulator makes it possible to rapidly test algorithms, design robots, perform regression testing, and train AI system using realistic scenarios.
The central problems (or goals) of Artificial Intelligence research include reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, communication, and perception.
a branch of Artificial Intelligence concerned with the development of algorithms that adapt their behavior based on past observations. Examples of such algorithms include Artificia…
means of sending messages, orders, etc., through the transmission media like air, conductor. ...
a general Monte Carlo (sampling) method for performing inference in state-space models where the state of a system evolves in time and information about the state is obtained via…