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The process you are referring to is called point cloud registration (or point matching). The goal of point cloud registration is find the spatial transformation that aligns two point clouds (i.e., sets of points). One of the most popular methods is iterative closest point (ICP), and many variants of ICP exist. Other methods exist as well such as robust point ...


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The two approaches you mention are not as separated as they seem. Both kinematic models and dynamic models are not 100% accurate. This is the reason closed loop control is needed (well probably only one of the reasons if you ask controls experts). You should not think of kinematic and dynamic models of being completely separated. They are all models ...


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