# Tag Info

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### Understanding the Robot Jacobian

Let's start from the forward kinematics equation $$x = f(q),$$ where $x \in \mathbf{R}^6$ is the end-effector position, $q$ is the joint angles, and $f$ is a (usually highly nonlinear) forward ...
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### Forward kinematic and inverse kinematic... When to use what?

Let me give you a mathematician's perspective on the difference between the two kinds problems. Forward kinematics asks the question: given a certain input (i.e. control command), what will be the ...

### Forward kinematic and inverse kinematic... When to use what?

Forward kinematics uses joint angles (with known link lengths) to compute the tool position and orientation. Inverse kinematics uses tool position and orientation, to compute joint angles. Note: if ...

### Relationship between the velocity twist Jacobian and the spatial velocity Jacobian

There are a lot of definitional problems and inconsistencies in this area. Geometric Jacobian. I'm not sure this has a precise and agreed upon meaning. But across the more classical robotics books (...
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### Cartesian Velocity Control between Two 3D Poses

You essentially want to find the time derivative of a linear interpolation between two rotations. The easiest way to obtain this would probably to convert the rotation matrix between the two ...

### Computing the Jacobian Matrix -- chain rule?

Writing the equations by hand and deriving them is certainly the best way to understand what is happening "in the background". Generating the equations and deriving them using a syombolics engine, ...
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### D(q) Inertia Matrix and the Jacobian Matrix

I think this is a matter of notations. In the given formula for $D(q)$, the matrices $J_{vi}$ and $J_{\omega i}$ are not simply the direct extraction of columns of the Jacobian of the system. $J_i$ ...
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### Why with the pseudo-inverse it is possible to invert the Jacobian matrix even in a singular configuration?

The pseudoinverse gives a “least squared error, minimum-norm” solution: Out of all $\dot{q}$ vectors at your current $q$, the vector $$\dot{q}_{s} = J^{+}(q)\dot{p}_{\text{in}}$$ satisfies two ...
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### How can serial manipulator have unique condition number for given end effector position?

Condition number and manipulability are measured at a specific joint configuration, not end-effector location. You already understand it correctly that the values change according to the robot ...
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### Confusion about Jacobians stemming from class notes

Short answer Robot Dynamics and Control by Spong et al. (especially Chapter 5) can definitely help you on this matter. Long answer First of all, you are partially correct about a Jacobian. It is ...

### Screw based Jacobian

The geometric Jacobian provides all the information you need for singularity or manipulability analysis. Linearly dependent columns correspond to joints with parallel axes. More information about ...

### Jacobian of a 6DOF arm

Write the forward kinematic equations $$\vec(x) = F\vec(\theta)$$ Taking the partial derivatives of each $\vec (x)$ term with respect to each joint variable $\vec(\theta)$ will give you $J$.
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### How do I compute the derivative of the Jacobian with Matlab?

To answer your solution, specifically, all you need to do is: ...
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### Robotic manipulator Jacobian by product of exponentials

The Jacobian in that equation is from the joint velocity to the "spatial velocity" of the end effector. The spatial velocity of an object is a somewhat unintuitive concept: it is the velocity of a ...

### Solving Inverse Kinematics with Gradient Descent

There are more approaches to solve the inverse kinematics equations. If you want to continue to use the pseudo-inverse based approach and still obtain more then 1 solution you can flip the sign of ...

### Jacobian-based trajectory following

Ugo's answer refers to "Sciavicco-Siciliano" which is a good book I'll quote as well. Chapter 3.6 introduces the so-called analytical Jacobian which is not the same as the so called geometrical ...
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### Robot arm reachability of a pose in Cartesian space

Nowadays we no longer employ exact solutions for the IK problem, simply because the number of degrees of freedom so as the number of constraints the final configuration needs to comply with make the ...
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### Integrating Forward Kinematics Map

(EDITED TO CLARIFY PARENTHETICAL ABOUT CARTESIAN MANIPULATORS) Your equation is true in general only for those manipulators in which $J_a$ is independent of $\theta$ (such as with Cartesian ...
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### Velocity Relation for Parallel Robots

If you can write the forward kinematics equations of a parallel robot in an explicit form, you can derivate those equations and you get the formula for the velocities. This is generally valid ...

### The Jacobian resulted from Screw method is different from analytical one (Example Inside)

You're computing the spatial Jacobian, which relates joint velocities to spatial velocities at the origin. You instead want to compute the body Jacobian, which relates joint velocities to end-effector ...
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### How to get Max Torque on Robot arm 's Joints (RRR)

Torque is pretty easy to calculate for a single static arm configuration. Torque is just the length of the moment arm * the perpendicular force. And it is easy to decompose the problem into X and Y ...
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### Solving Inverse Kinematics with Gradient Descent

You have to analytically compute all IK solutions. This is basically done with straightforward geometry. Most robotics textbooks with a section on manipulation will have a detailed explanation of ...

### Robot arm reachability of a pose in Cartesian space

It depends on how theroetical/practical solution you are looking for. If you are considering a theoretical workspace, with no angular limits of your joints (e.g. due to mechanical constraints) then ...

### Jacobian of a Robot

Yes, 6x9. Since $$\dot{x} = J \dot{\theta}$$ each column of the Jacobian represents the differential change in one of the six $x$ coordinates with respect to each of the joints.