Questions tagged [torque]

Torque, moment, or moment of force is the tendency of a force to rotate an object around an axis, fulcrum, or pivot.

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1answer
52 views

Will this have more or less lifting strength

Bit of an engineering question. If a snake robot is 100 cm long, and every 10 cm is another motor. Would the robot lift more weight, the longer/more motors attached to it.. or is lifting ability ...
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27 views

What method is commonly used in industral manipulators [closed]

Position control versus torque control. What method is commonly used in industral manipulators
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2k views

How to get Max Torque on Robot arm 's Joints (RRR)

Suppose I have a Robot Arm with 3 joint(revolute)( 3 DOF) as shown below , and I'm given -The ranges of each joint q1,q2,q3 -The lengths of each link L1,L2,L3 -Load on the end effector [Fx Fy M] ...
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119 views

Permanent Magnet DC Motor Calcuations

I have to determine speed and torque suitable for my combat robot. I've done some calculations and I need to know whether they're right or not (because they don't seem to be right). Suppose I have ...
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1answer
4k views

Calculating screw breakaway torque

I'm trying to use motor-sizing tool developed by oriental motor to choose good servo motor for my cnc The tool requires breakaway torque of my screw as input, I searched online but I got people ...
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2answers
4k views

What is the torque/force required to rotate the base of a robot arm?

Take a look at the following simple example robot arm: I want to know the torque required on that bottom motor to rotate the arm. Since it's not exactly rotating directly against gravity like the ...
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2answers
474 views

What are some ways to estimate torque/load on a robotic arm joint

My main problem is measuring joint torque/load economically. There are ways to detect the electric current drawn which is proportional to the torque. Since my motor is a BLDC motor, there will be a ...
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3answers
881 views

What types of actuators do these industrial bots use?

I have a particular example robot that interests me: http://www.scmp.com/tech/innovation/article/1829834/foxconns-foxbot-army-close-hitting-chinese-market-track-meet-30-cent See first image, the ...
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2answers
229 views

What is the torque transmission efficiency using a bycicle chain/setup for robot?

For this robot the gear attached to the motor is linked to the gear attached to the wheels by a bicycle chain (I am using a bicycle wheel and transmission set as the parts for the robots movements). ...
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1answer
574 views

Which kind of motors and how powerfull should they be for a robotic arm

I am building a robotic arm with these specifications: 1 meter long approx. 1kg weight it is made of 4 motors. (2 at the base. One for rotating the whole arm left and right and another one for ...
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3answers
4k views

Is horsepower related to torque in electric motors? [closed]

Is torque related to size or power at all in electric motors? And what about gas motors too? I have a go kart that is 2.5hp and it's 50cc and its about 1ft x 2ft x 1ft in size. I also see online ...
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1answer
167 views

OpenRAVE output torques and simulation timestep

I'm using OpenRAVE to simulate a quadruped, in order to get an idea of torque requirements. To get started I made a single DOF, single link pendulum to test controllers etc out on. I've whipped up ...
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4answers
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Dynamic torque simulation for a 6 DOF robotic arm

I am working on a 6 DOF robotic arm(industrial manipulator). I have the basic structural specs (dimensions, weights etc) for the links and joints with me. Basically, I want to simulate both static ...
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6k views

How to further understand the computed torque model controller

For the following controller what do $q_{des}$ and $q_{act}$ stand for? Also, what is the general principle of this controller? Thanks!
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1answer
2k views

Why do series elastic actuators have more accurate and stable force control?

The other day, somebody was telling me about a robot in their lab, and they mentioned that it has "series elastic" actuators. But after doing a bit of Googling, I'm still not sure as to what this ...
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Simple equation to calculate needed motor torque

Suppose I have a DC motor with an arm connected to it (arm length = 10cm, arm weight = 0), motor speed 10rpm. If I connect a 1Kg weight to the very end of that arm, how much torque is needed for the ...
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3answers
62 views

Is this supposed to be a bearing?

I'm looking at the assembly of a tail rotor that should look like this original image I wonder if the "tail output shaft stopper" (circled in red) is meant to be a bearing or just a piece of metal ...
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1answer
96 views

Metal shaft design for a 6mm plastic bevel gear

I have a small POM bevel gear with these dimensions: It has a 6mm hole for the shaft and a M4 hole for the set screw. Suppose this bevel gear is meshed with a 45T bevel gear and give a max. output ...
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1answer
166 views

Do these motors really have enough torque to lift 130 pounds

I was looking at these dc motors and I converted the torque to force at a meter distance and I got that two of them should be able to lift over 130 pounds, is this right? http://www.active-robots.com/...
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2answers
131 views

Suitable gear construction for a robotic extender - plastic?

I have a rather simple setup for my robotic extender. The DC motor turns a shaft with a worm on it. The worm connects to a small worm gear (green) which itself has a small gear (red) on the same shaft ...
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1answer
97 views

Attaching a M5 screw shaft to a cog wheel

Does anyone know of a good (low profile) way to attach the threaded (chamfered) end of a M5 screw shaft to a 30MM (30T 1M) plastic cog wheel? Would it be a good idea to widen the shaft hole and just ...
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1answer
243 views

Calculating required torques for a given trajectory using Lagrange-Euler

I have a 2DOF robot with 2 revolute joints, as shown in the diagram below. I'm trying to calculate (using MATLAB) the torque required to move it but my answers don't match up with what I'm expecting. ...
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0answers
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Torque control in eye-in-hand visual servoing

In most papers about IBVS the camera velocity is computed and then used as a pseudo-input for the manipulator. (e.g. this one) Is there any work in which the dynamic Lagrange model $H(q) \ddot q +C(q,\...
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734 views

What is the required theory behind building a robotic arm?

I am currently planning on building a robotic arm. The arm's specs are as follows: 3 'arms' with two servos each (to move the next arm) single servo clamp mounted on revolving turntable turntable ...
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2answers
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Should the therotical parameters match the physical setup constraints when modeling a robot?

I'm working on modeling and simulation of robotic arm, after I obtained the mathematical model of the robot, I used that to implement some control techniques, to control the motion of the robot. The ...
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1answer
4k views

Calculating Required Torque

Say I had an object with 4 motors/wheels attached (in a fairly standard arrangement). I need to calculate the amount of torque required from the motors to be able to move the object of x kilograms ...
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1answer
1k views

Torque of coreless DC micro motor

I would like to build a small two-wheeled robot similar to the one shown here. In order to keep the robot small, I intend to use two coreless micro motors like the one shown bellow. The power source ...
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2answers
348 views

2Nm small motor

Currently designing a spherical wrist, I want to manipulate a 300gr payload. the design has a 200mm span, so I'm guessing at a 1.1Nm (considering the weight of structure & motors). I've looked at ...
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1answer
259 views

How is it possible to maintain the total thrust when controlling yaw of a quadcopter?

I'm working on the control of a quadcopter and I'd like to understand how come controlling the yaw does not increase the overall thrust. My understanding is that the control is carried out through 2 ...
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1answer
517 views

Verifying motor selection calculations

I'm trying to select a brushed DC motor for a project. I tried following the advice on sizing electric motors, mentioned in this question, but a few details were missing, and I'm unsure if I properly ...
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3answers
177 views

Questions on gears for a robot actuator [closed]

I have some questions regarding building a gearbox for a motor to create a robot actuator. Given my desired motor and loads, I've determined that a gear ratio in the 400-700 range is adequate for my ...
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1answer
65 views

How can I replace acceleration in the dynamic model of the robot?

In the dynamic model of the robot, it is obvious that we found the torques as functions of the angular acceleration of the joint as well as the linear acceleration of the link center of mass along the ...
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1answer
103 views

What should I be looking for in a DC motor that will be used in a UROV thruster?

I know that some DC motors produce a lot of torque but only actually move at a very slow rate, while others do the exact opposite. I know that I need some sort of balance between torque and the RPM's ...
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1answer
932 views

Torque control and monitoring of servo

I am trying to control the servo motor operation by torque control by interfacing the sensor to an avr , which will continuously monitor the torque value from the sensor and control the torque ...
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4answers
212 views

Manipulator link applied torque

I want to implement a manipulator link using a physic library. I can only apply some torque to the centre of mass, but the torque should be applied at the beginning of the link. Shifting a reference ...
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1answer
2k views

Why does microstepping give less torque?

I am experimenting with using a stepper motor for a robotics project. I'd like to use microstepping to give a better resolution and smoother movement, but I have noticed that the finer the microsteps, ...
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2answers
108 views

How can I dynamically control the amount of torque necessary to rotate something for a test rig?

I'm looking to build a test rig for a robot that rotates a 1" diameter pipe 180º (roll not yaw or pitch). I am currently testing a motor's performance when subjected to various kinds of PWM (high duty ...
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0answers
87 views

McKibben artificial muscles and the 400:1 ratio

I was recently reading that those artificial muscles had the highest power/weight ratio while electric motors only have a ratio of less than 100:1. As electrical engineer I have never worked with ...
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2answers
646 views

Static equilibrium for 7 dof manipulator

I have a 7 dof manipulator (Kuka LBR4+) and would like to calculate the joint torques needed to keep the arm in a static equilibrium. In most books the transposed jacobian is used to map the forces ...
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4answers
4k views

How Can I Measure the torque applied by a servo motor?

I believe that there must be a tool that can measure $oz-in$ of torque. I do not trust what the servo manufacturers state on their site for torque values, so I want to test them for myself. Can ...
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0answers
90 views

Power Model for humanoids

I am in the process of creating a Power Prediction Model for the Hubo Robot. The Robot has 38 Degrees of Freedom and has a computer some sensors and motor boards. The motors are powered through Motor ...
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1answer
4k views

Will wiring a unipolar stepper to a bipolar stepper driver decrease the holding torque?

I have read that you can wire a unipolar stepper to a bipolar driver, which I have, by ignoring the two extra wires. One concern I have is whether connecting a unipolar stepper to a bipolar driver ...
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3answers
961 views

DC motor direct loading

I found many tutorials and online calculators for the selection of dc motor to drive wheel, I understood how the torque affect the driving of wheel. But what happen when I change the orientation of ...
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1answer
653 views

Roller Screw drive - axial movement instead of friction

I need an equation or a some hints to solve the following problem. Imagine a roller screw drive. I apply a torque of T to translative move my load mass ...
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1answer
165 views

Wind force impact on torque mechanical arm

I've got an arm attached to a shaft. The arms dimensions are 40x5 inches the arm weights about 10 lbs. If I have a wind acting on the side of the arm, how would I translate the wind force into torque ...
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0answers
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What is rotor torque? [duplicate]

On my stepper's datasheet, it has the category "rotor torque" (labeled in N-CM). What does that mean? Is this the torque it has can supply when turning? (Hopefully)
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Torque in kg/cm?

I was looking up the motor parameters for some stepper motor where they listed the torque of the motor at different current/voltage but the torque they listed was in kg/cm. How is kg/cm even a ...

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