Questions tagged [torque]

Torque, moment, or moment of force is the tendency of a force to rotate an object around an axis, fulcrum, or pivot.

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Determining required torque for DC motor

How to determine the required torque while choosing a DC motor? Here is a simple scenario. Think of a 4WD or 2WD vehicle. The max load the vehicle will have is 100kg. Q1. How do I determine the ...
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62 views

Why aren't my 4x 612 RPM motors driving with only 12 lb load?

I have purchased x4 612 RPM actobotics motors. Every time I try to drive the motors on ground, the motors stall, as if the torque was too low to drive. The motor model: servocity.com model #: 638284 ...
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Controlling high torque servo motors with Raspberry Pi

I need to control 10 Standard Servo Motors (operating at 4.8-7V/300mA-1A/2.5kg-5kg torque) in my project. I'm using RPi as my processor and I was looking for a servo driver. I came across PCA9685 16-...
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33 views

Counterweight in arm designs

I wonder why most robotic arms use large J2 (shoulder) motors rather than counterweights. What sort of complexity do they add to the design beside increase in overall weight? In fact, rather than ...
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Understanding KGf.CM in Camera Robotic Head Design

I am attempting to design a robotic camera head - however, I am struggling to calculate the torque (in terms of KGf.CM) I will require to rotate the Y (tilt) axis of the head. The motor I intend to ...
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How to calculate what motor I need to move weight

I'm working on a project trying to make some electric roller curtains. I can use 2 motors on this curtain, on each side to lift and pull down the curtain. Pulling down the curtain requires not as much ...
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17 views

Singular Configuration - Balanced Wrench F?

I've been asked to show that if a manipular is at a singular configuration, then the End Effector wrench can be balanced without any joint torques. I know that t = J*F where (t = torques, F= end ...
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37 views

How is this torque value arrived?

I'm going through this person's torque calculation of a simple crane setup. the servo used has a max torque of 57oz.in: At the top, if Mservo is 34.12oz.in, how is ...
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1answer
56 views

Rotating a lever with a small servo

I'm trying to rotate a lever link to gently "offload" a load using a servo. Here's a drawing: Here, the red is a lever, yellow pivot and black is the load. To offload, the lever needs to be turned 90 ...
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How to make a diff robot (2 traction wheels front and 2 castor wheels back) to go straight?

I’m developing a differential robot. My wheeled robot has two castor wheels in the back and two driven wheels in the front. The motor controller I’m using can handle two motors each with 90 cpr. Each ...
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31 views

Sensing torque of stepper motor

I need to sense the torque of a stepper motor at any given time. I'm planning to tension a wire by using a stepper motor, and in order to keep the wire at a fixed tension I would need to know the ...
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86 views

Servo motor torque

I am confused with the torque ratings of servo motors, or I guess it is general while choosing any motor. For example a servo's torque is rated as 10kg-cm, so does that mean it can handle a 100N ...
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235 views

Specification calculation for choosing a proper stepper motor for Ball Lead / Screw system

I'm trying to build a motorized stage which moves in one direction as below picture based on this article. Desired characteristic properties are: 1. screw length = 150 mm 2. screw diameter = 14mm ...
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36 views

How can a motor be run at higher voltage for longer?

A 12V windshield wiper motor to run at 24V for more speed but near-equal driving force. Testing with a variable DC supply between 21.6V & 26.4V showed the current maxes at 3.72 - 3.90A, as ...
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Torque Disturbance Observer for Manipulator Arms

Is there a tutorial/guide apart from the research papers ( paper 1 and paper 2 ), for implementation of torque disturbance observers on multi-DOF robotic manipulators to determine sudden collision ...
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654 views

Jacobian of a 6DOF arm

I have a robot with 6 DOF. I read a lot of tutorial on how to compute the Jacobian, but usually all examples are for planar robots with 2DOF. I don't understand how can I get the Jacobian of a 6 DOF ...
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272 views

How to calculate effort/torque values of a joint

I have a robotic arm with 6 DOF. For each joint, I get get the Joint Wrench, which is composed by the force and torque of the parent and child links of the joints. In other works, for joint 1 I can ...
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580 views

Calculating torque required to rotate a platform

I am trying to spec out a motor's torque required to rotate a platform about an axis. This diagram makes it better to understand(it's like a rotisserie): Dimensions are in cm: I have an arbitrary ...
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84 views

Practically implementing a torque controller

I'm currently working on a robotics project where i have to build a quadruped. i have somewhat finished the designing for the time being and now moving into simulations. I have followed a inverse ...
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1answer
991 views

What servos are suitable for a robot like Boston Dynamics’ Atlas?

I have seen Boston Dynamics’ robot Atlas do some pretty impressive things, like a backflip, which must put quite large torques on the servomotors. What servos are there that can generate torques like ...
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1answer
224 views

DJI E310 Thrust Coefficient

I am reading Denis M. Filatov et al.'s paper "Parameters identification of thrust generation subsystem for small unmanned aerial vehicles" (https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Parameters-...
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59 views

Calculate torque required to rotate and hold a platform

I wish to rotate a rectangular platform about its length. It is attached to a shaft that runs through the length of the platform at width/2. How can I compute the torque of the motor required to ...
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214 views

How can I measure the torque a servo motor is applying very precisely?

Is there any cheap way to measure how hard a servo is turning? I am looking to measure changes of about 0.1 oz-in. What are the common ways to measure servo torque, how much do they cost, and how ...
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597 views

Increasing Torque by either doubling servos or building a gear box

I'm looking here for suggestions. I have a HS-805BB with Torque (Kg-cm/Oz-in): 24.7/343 @ 6.0 V to rotate a robot body up and down from one side. It seems to me that this servo is always running at ...
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60 views

Torque commands for velocity reference motor

I have a controller board for a motor, where I can read the motor current (to transform to torque), the position, the velocity and I can give a velocity command. There is not really a torque mode on ...
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270 views

How to maximize stall torque of a motor

I'm looking to use 3-phase motor without gearbox for robotics application. It will always work at near stall situation never rotating more than 360deg. I'm looking for arrangement that will produce ...
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Measuring torque of Vex gear shaft - highest accuracy for lowest price [closed]

I am seeking to collect data for my IB Physics IA (internal assessment). My question seeks to establish the relationship between speed and torque by adjusting gear ratios. (I am aware that gear ratios ...
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61 views

Transforming position to torque

first question in this forum :D so i started creating a 2 link robotic arm in SIMULINK and made a function that builds its trajectory (cubic spline) and used it as an input for my joint. so my input ...
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121 views

How to calculate the pull force of scissors?

i want to use a stepper motor to move a brush to a industrial scissor machine to cut material of brushes. The stepper motor will use a worm gear box to increase torque and smooth movement. The ...
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1answer
38 views

Help with DC Gearmotor Specs

I need help understanding the specs of this RS Pro DC Geared Motor, Brushed, (RS: 238-9670). It has an operating range of 4.5-15V and a nominal voltage of 12V, so does that mean that it provides 0....
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103 views

From a linear force actuator that spans multiple links and joints to the equivalent motor torque

I am programming/using a rigid body joint-space dynamics solver for robots in which I want to implement linear force actuators between links with their equivalent torque sources that are 'spanned' by ...
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4k views

Using brushless motors for very high torque

I'm currently building an robotic arm and I want the elbow joint to be comparable to a human one But here's the problem, electric linear actuators are too slow and have low torque, same goes with ...
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536 views

How do I choose the stepper motor torque for my robotic arm

I'm a communication engineer so my knowledge about robotics is very little. I know the basic formula of torque T=mgL in my project I have 2 arms & 2 motors i used a torque calculator online ...
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3k views

Robotic arm select servo motors

Hi i´m designing a robotic arm based on this idea of the NOVABOT I only want to change its structural parts by aluminum tubes. In this design 3D model it use the servo hs-311 wish have a max torque of ...
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55 views

cable-controlled flexion and extension

I'm new, please be gentle :-) I'd like to control the position of a single-axis joint using one cable for flexion and another for extension. In many of the anthropomorphic designs I've seen each of ...
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3k views

Thrust and Torque on Quad Rotor

I am a beginner on Drones. I would like to understand the how each motor contribute to thrust on the whole drone. And what is the direction of torque created on each propeller. Everywhere I find a ...
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Stepper Motor Torque [duplicate]

Tried searching for this answer in a simple way but can't seem to find the answer.. I have a 3 axis Bipolar Nema 17(Took off my 1st 3d printer =) ) robotic arm(Homemade) and provides 28oz-57oz of ...
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599 views

Starting and stopping a heavy rotating disc

I am currently working at a project involving a heavy disc rotating around its center. The disc weights around 2 kg and has a radius of 0,25 m. At every angle π/6, there exists smaller ...
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184 views

Is it possible to control joint torque using the position input and torque feedback?

So I am working with a UR10 manipulator which doesn't have a direct torque interface. However, it provides torque/velocity/position feedback for each joint as well as position/velocity interfaces for ...
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50 views

Will this have more or less lifting strength

Bit of an engineering question. If a snake robot is 100 cm long, and every 10 cm is another motor. Would the robot lift more weight, the longer/more motors attached to it.. or is lifting ability ...
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27 views

What method is commonly used in industral manipulators [closed]

Position control versus torque control. What method is commonly used in industral manipulators
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2k views

How to get Max Torque on Robot arm 's Joints (RRR)

Suppose I have a Robot Arm with 3 joint(revolute)( 3 DOF) as shown below , and I'm given -The ranges of each joint q1,q2,q3 -The lengths of each link L1,L2,L3 -Load on the end effector [Fx Fy M] ...
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117 views

Permanent Magnet DC Motor Calcuations

I have to determine speed and torque suitable for my combat robot. I've done some calculations and I need to know whether they're right or not (because they don't seem to be right). Suppose I have ...
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3k views

Calculating screw breakaway torque

I'm trying to use motor-sizing tool developed by oriental motor to choose good servo motor for my cnc The tool requires breakaway torque of my screw as input, I searched online but I got people ...
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What is the torque/force required to rotate the base of a robot arm?

Take a look at the following simple example robot arm: I want to know the torque required on that bottom motor to rotate the arm. Since it's not exactly rotating directly against gravity like the ...
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386 views

What are some ways to estimate torque/load on a robotic arm joint

My main problem is measuring joint torque/load economically. There are ways to detect the electric current drawn which is proportional to the torque. Since my motor is a BLDC motor, there will be a ...
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What types of actuators do these industrial bots use?

I have a particular example robot that interests me: http://www.scmp.com/tech/innovation/article/1829834/foxconns-foxbot-army-close-hitting-chinese-market-track-meet-30-cent See first image, the ...
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What is the torque transmission efficiency using a bycicle chain/setup for robot?

For this robot the gear attached to the motor is linked to the gear attached to the wheels by a bicycle chain (I am using a bicycle wheel and transmission set as the parts for the robots movements). ...
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353 views

Which kind of motors and how powerfull should they be for a robotic arm

I am building a robotic arm with these specifications: 1 meter long approx. 1kg weight it is made of 4 motors. (2 at the base. One for rotating the whole arm left and right and another one for ...
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Is horsepower related to torque in electric motors? [closed]

Is torque related to size or power at all in electric motors? And what about gas motors too? I have a go kart that is 2.5hp and it's 50cc and its about 1ft x 2ft x 1ft in size. I also see online ...