Questions tagged [slam]

SLAM (Simultaneous Localization And Mapping) refers to a robot building a map of its environment through it's sensor data (mapping) and keeping track of its own position in that map (localization) at the same time.

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Doubt regarding a slam parameter in research paper

I was reading about the SLAM problem in a research paper, Multi-robot Simultaneous Localization and Mapping using Particle Filters by Andrew Howard. What does '$m$' mean here? The SLAM problem for a ...
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What is the state-of-the-art approach to detect moving objects from mobile robot with 2D Lidar only?

Having a setup of a mobile robot with a 360° 2D lidar (1 plane). What is the current easiest approach to detect moving object with a high reliability from a moving robot? To make it simple, we ...
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SLAM - Angle calculation failure ?-EKF

i am currently building up a EKF SLAM. I dont know where my mistake is but i think it has something to do with the angle my robot is driving towards but im not completly sure. First i thought it could ...
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1answer
43 views

Hector_Slam orientation probelm for drone

We are using Hector slam(2-D Mapping) for our drone in which we are facing some problems 1) as the orientation(axis) of the lidar changes the orientation of map changes 2) as the plane of the lidar ...
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1answer
147 views

SEIF ,online version of Graph slam create doubt in Motion Update state

I have a thesis work about Graph Slam The GraphSLAM Algorithm with Applications to Large-Scale Mapping of Urban Structures I try to implement it with the help of this paper but during the ...
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SEIF slam: Effect on information matrix when there is no landmarks

I studied about Sparse Extended Information Filter slam. I want to clarify some points regarding this topic. As per the sparse extended information(SEIIF) slam when the robot sees some landmarks it ...
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SLAM Initialize new landmark - specifically the covariance

Im trying to bring an EKF - SLAM to life but it keeps on failing. Specifially, I think, my mistake lies in the initialization of the new cone <-> covariance. I multiply the Jacobian (derived ...
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EKF Update Step measurement data doesnt fit state vector

I have an EKF SLAM Algorithm which tries to estimate the robots position (X,Y,Theta) + the X,Y coordinates of several landmarks. Like in the posted algorithm i have a range/bearing sensor. I ...
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1answer
25 views

Compute how well a laser scan matches or overlaps with its environment given a map of the environment and location of the robot is known

If I knew the exact location of my robot and have an accurate map (for eg. an occupancy grid map) of the environment beforehand, how can I compute a measure of how well the laser scan data agree with ...
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73 views

Usage of Falkolib(OpenSLAM) for 2D lidar landmark extraction

I am using Falkolib for landmark extraction in a 2D environment. Currently I am using the testKeypointOC executable from the bin directory. I have changed the testKeypointOC.cpp file and the ...
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Which is a good and cheap 3D LIDAR or other options? [closed]

Our team is planning to go for European Rover Challenge (ERC) 2018 for which we are designing an Autonomous rover. In order to implement SLAM, we need a way of mapping (with a range of atleast 2-4 ...
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What is the difference between a Bayes Net and a Factor Graph

I am just getting started on understanding Factor Graphs, by going through the excellent guide Factor Graph For Robot Perception by Dallaert and Kaess While I am familiar with the SLAM problem, and ...
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SLAM : Why is marginalization the same as schur's complement?

Consider the system $$ \tag 1 H\delta x=-g $$ where $H$ and $g$ are the Hessian and gradient of some cost function $f$ of the form $f(x)=e(x)^Te(x)$. The function $e(x)=z-\hat{z}(x)$ is an error ...
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1answer
54 views

What is the Point of Monocular SLAM

I am not a V-SLAM expert yet, but as far as I understand with monocular V-SLAM there is a scale ambiguity introduced by the fact that a camera essentially is an azimuth sensor that maps the 3D world ...
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Is Lidar SLAM with only lidar sensor and no loop closure detection just a odometry?

I'm a newbee to SLAM. I have a question that in Lidar SLAM(including 2D lidar and 3D lidar), if I only use a single lidar without any other sensors like IMU and no loop closure in the mapping process, ...
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Do I need a camera along with LIDAR for SLAM?

Equipment: Pi 3 B Mega 2x Encoder Motor 12VDC 299RPM MPU 6050 12V bat 2000mAh LIDAR or Kinect ? I want to implement EKF SLAM. I have referred bot NOX ROS wandering robot, Hussarian CORE and Robotics ...
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118 views

what is ultrasonic based slam

i am confused about SLAM implementation, and i need your advise to organize my mind. Fist let me say that i have to generate 2D map, what is in this case the SLAM input? is it like (x1,y1),(x2,y2)...(...
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Sparcification of SLAM with SEIF (Sparse Extended Information Filter)

I am studying SLAM (Simultaneous Localization and Mapping) with textbook "probabilistic robotics". I cannot understand well about Sparsification step, so I found original paper for that; ...
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41 views

EKF SLAM Prediction Step

My question relates to the prediction step in EKF SLAM when we get measurements. This is a question I've encountered while implementing EKF SLAM in ROS. At the beginning of the SLAM loop, we predict ...
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1answer
163 views

Plot a map using wheel encoder and IMU data

I want to plot a map( with matplotlib or any other library ) using a wheel encoder and IMU data. Eg:- For every 10cm robot moves it should draw line (in a graph) and draw angles depending on the data ...
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How do I calculate the direction robot is facing, pose from velocity and yaw rate?

I have a simple car robot with four wheels moving relatively slowly (5~10 mph). The robot has a velocity magnitude and yaw rate sensor and the sensor samples about every 0.1 seconds. I want to map the ...
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How to evaluate the location accuracy of a visual slam algorithm in an indoor enviorment without motion capture system?

I have a ground mobile robot with wheel for indoor applications and I want to develop a vSLAM algorithm for it. So one problem for me is how to know my modifications do really improve the performance ...
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1answer
74 views

Estimate noise covariance matrix of measurements using a ros-bag

I am facing the following issue, and some hint or orientation would be great. I am working on a project in which I was given a ROS bag, and I have to implement a localization node using SLAM. To do so,...
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Localize a Mobile Robot on a Mirror

I am currently busy with a project which requires me to construct a robot capable of cleaning a heliostat (movable mirror used to redirect sunlight). Heliostats are basically large flat mirrors that ...
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1answer
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How can we calculate likelihood of sensor values wrt to actual real world?

I am trying to understand Bayes Filter. In its update step we have P(z_t|x_t) as observation model. Slide 37: Bullet 5 of this lecture states "Likelihood of ...
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1answer
61 views

Make robot drive as far from obstacles as possible

I am trying to make robot drive around the room, avoiding obstacles with pathfinding. The problem is I get few waypoints from pathfinding algorithm for robot to drive to (green dots), but it drive a ...
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1answer
321 views

Camera ego-motion estimation via dense optical flow

Help me please resolve some questions in the article 1) "A Robust Method for Computing Vehicle Ego-motion", Gideon P. Stein et al. According to this paper we can find three components of motion (...
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1answer
64 views

Effect of platform speed (how fast it is moving) on the quality of SLAM

I want to know how big of on an impact does the speed of the platform on which your sensors are mounted have on the quality of the outcome of a SLAM solution. Are there are any methods that are better ...
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1answer
69 views

Graph slam augmentation of Identity Matrix

I am trying to implement GraphSlam. I go through this paper http://robots.stanford.edu/papers/thrun.graphslam.pdf. I have some doubt about the algorithm. I attached a picture with this question My ...
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2answers
106 views

EKF SLAM : Missing older landmarks in new observation

I am a beginner to SLAM and robotics in general and I have been trying to implement SLAM on my GoPiGo3 robot car kit using primarily Chapter 10 from Probabilistic Robotics by Sebastian Thrun as ...
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1answer
224 views

Position Estimates from sensor fusion

I have a quadcopter, and several components in play. First, I have a real position system (VICON), and I also have a SLAM platform. Then, of course, the IMU on the quadcoptor. I am trying to ...
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2answers
206 views

Scale estimation in datasets for monocular odometry

Suppose I've developed a monocular SLAM or odometry algorithm. Then I want to test it on some dataset, for example KITTI, TUM etc. How should I deal with the absolute scale in this way? Thanks.
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1answer
121 views

GraphSLAM data accumulation problem

I try to implement GraphSLAM from this tutorial, The GraphSLAM Algorithm with Applications to Large-Scale Mapping of Urban Structures. I have some doubt while studying this paper. I hope people who ...
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2answers
259 views

What is appearance-based SLAM?

To my understanding appearance-based SLAM uses only information coming from sensors for mapping and localization. It completely discards control information from actuators. I'm I correct?
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Applying Rotation & Translation Matrix Obtained from Iterative Closest Point

Suppose I have M lidar contour points from t = k and N lidar contour points from t = k+1. (Some of you might question why I have differing number of contour points, and the reason is that these lidar ...
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124 views

Hector_navigaton on ROS Melodic error

I'm a newbie on robotics, and currently, I'm working on a project to make an autonomous robot that can mapping the surrounding environment and decide the shortest route towards the goal while avoiding ...
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1answer
55 views

What's the correct approach to merging of localization and odometry data?

We've got a mobile platform with a source of odometry and an IMU, which are merged in an EKF filter (robot_localization node), producing continuous odom->base_link transform. The robot is also ...
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1answer
32 views

Vehicle Odometry Correction Using Lidar Contour Points (Localization)

I am currently working on a project where... Vehicle travels from point A to B GPS trajectory is used as a reference Vehicle odometry (bicycle model without slip angle beta) was used to estimate a ...
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1answer
70 views

SLAM techniques based on contact, odometry and one front camera

Consider a mobile robot provided with a contact sensor that randomly travels in a closed environment, changing direction every time an obstacle is encountered. Is it possible to reconstruct the 2D map ...
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1answer
37 views

Which scan matching algorithm can be used to extract the moving objects (in 2D lidar scanner)?

There are different types of scan matching algorithms to match consecutive 2D lidar scans, see https://youtu.be/nvFcN2-NqRc?t=421 (ICP, correlative matching, RANSAC). Most of the algorithms return the ...
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1answer
48 views

How to use SLAM generated map to navigate my robot to the destination?

I am trying to understand various SLAM algorithms. In my case, I need my robot to start from point A and reach point B with maximum accuracy as well as precision for all the cases. Note that, as the ...
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Setting An Initial Pose Rotation In ORB SLAM2

I am running ORB SLAM 2 on a drone with a downward facing, RGBD camera. I'm using Gazebo to simulate and Rviz to see the vision_pose ROS topic (the orientation/...
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1answer
39 views

Do IMU have value in SLAM?

IMU are often used in theoretical models involving SLAM. I'm a bit confused on their practical value since error accumulation is so bad that after a couple seconds you need to completely ignore it. ...
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3answers
7k views

Hector SLAM, Matching algorithm

I'm trying to understand the scan-matching part of Hector SLAM (PPT summary). It seems a little difficult to understand, in some cases, how is it possible to actually perform the alignment of the ...
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What are the state-of-the-art variants of the basic ICP algorithm for point cloud registration?

The questions is quite straightforward. For the past few days I've been looking into point cloud registration. It looks like it all started with the basic ICP algorithm as described in P. J. Besl and ...
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49 views

How do robots move parallel to a wall/line?

I have been studying robotics by myself, lately. I noticed that there are various mapping, localization methods (popularly under SLAM), but are there concepts relating to the robot moving in a ...
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How to get 2D map using Stereoscopic camer (RGB+D), IMU and GPS?

I am starting with slam using imu, stereo camera (that gives RGB + depth info) camera and gps mounted on my robot. I wish to create a 2D map for it like this: But with landmarks, so that I can stop ...
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2answers
928 views

How do I evaluate the minimum requirements of the processor and camera for a visual SLAM robot?

I would like to build a visual SLAM robot (just for self-learning purpose) but I get frustrated how I know which processor and camera should be used for visual SLAM. First, for the processor, I have ...
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Improvements over FastSLAM2.0

Are there some papers and/or works that describe improvements for the FastSLAM2.0 algorithm? I'm particularly interested in the following areas: The map is completely unknown at the beginning of the ...

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