Questions tagged [slam]

SLAM (Simultaneous Localization And Mapping) refers to a robot building a map of its environment through it's sensor data (mapping) and keeping track of its own position in that map (localization) at the same time.

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UKF - sigma point creation - Mirroring the chol matrices

maybe this is a stupid question but i came across a problem with my ukf implementation. I use chol() in matlab for my sigma point creation instead of the normal square root of my covariance matrix. Do ...
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Doubt regarding a slam parameter in research paper

I was reading about the SLAM problem in a research paper, Multi-robot Simultaneous Localization and Mapping using Particle Filters by Andrew Howard. What does '$m$' mean here? The SLAM problem for a ...
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SLAM - Angle calculation failure ?-EKF

i am currently building up a EKF SLAM. I dont know where my mistake is but i think it has something to do with the angle my robot is driving towards but im not completly sure. First i thought it could ...
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SLAM Initialize new landmark - specifically the covariance

Im trying to bring an EKF - SLAM to life but it keeps on failing. Specifially, I think, my mistake lies in the initialization of the new cone <-> covariance. I multiply the Jacobian (derived ...
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EKF Update Step measurement data doesnt fit state vector

I have an EKF SLAM Algorithm which tries to estimate the robots position (X,Y,Theta) + the X,Y coordinates of several landmarks. Like in the posted algorithm i have a range/bearing sensor. I ...
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What is the difference between a Bayes Net and a Factor Graph

I am just getting started on understanding Factor Graphs, by going through the excellent guide Factor Graph For Robot Perception by Dallaert and Kaess While I am familiar with the SLAM problem, and ...
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56 views

What is the Point of Monocular SLAM

I am not a V-SLAM expert yet, but as far as I understand with monocular V-SLAM there is a scale ambiguity introduced by the fact that a camera essentially is an azimuth sensor that maps the 3D world ...
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Is Lidar SLAM with only lidar sensor and no loop closure detection just a odometry?

I'm a newbee to SLAM. I have a question that in Lidar SLAM(including 2D lidar and 3D lidar), if I only use a single lidar without any other sensors like IMU and no loop closure in the mapping process, ...
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Sparcification of SLAM with SEIF (Sparse Extended Information Filter)

I am studying SLAM (Simultaneous Localization and Mapping) with textbook "probabilistic robotics". I cannot understand well about Sparsification step, so I found original paper for that; ...
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How to evaluate the location accuracy of a visual slam algorithm in an indoor enviorment without motion capture system?

I have a ground mobile robot with wheel for indoor applications and I want to develop a vSLAM algorithm for it. So one problem for me is how to know my modifications do really improve the performance ...
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Compute how well a laser scan matches or overlaps with its environment given a map of the environment and location of the robot is known

If I knew the exact location of my robot and have an accurate map (for eg. an occupancy grid map) of the environment beforehand, how can I compute a measure of how well the laser scan data agree with ...
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EKF SLAM Prediction Step

My question relates to the prediction step in EKF SLAM when we get measurements. This is a question I've encountered while implementing EKF SLAM in ROS. At the beginning of the SLAM loop, we predict ...
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How can we calculate likelihood of sensor values wrt to actual real world?

I am trying to understand Bayes Filter. In its update step we have P(z_t|x_t) as observation model. Slide 37: Bullet 5 of this lecture states "Likelihood of ...
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126 views

Hector_navigaton on ROS Melodic error

I'm a newbie on robotics, and currently, I'm working on a project to make an autonomous robot that can mapping the surrounding environment and decide the shortest route towards the goal while avoiding ...
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55 views

What's the correct approach to merging of localization and odometry data?

We've got a mobile platform with a source of odometry and an IMU, which are merged in an EKF filter (robot_localization node), producing continuous odom->base_link transform. The robot is also ...
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How to use SLAM generated map to navigate my robot to the destination?

I am trying to understand various SLAM algorithms. In my case, I need my robot to start from point A and reach point B with maximum accuracy as well as precision for all the cases. Note that, as the ...
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Setting An Initial Pose Rotation In ORB SLAM2

I am running ORB SLAM 2 on a drone with a downward facing, RGBD camera. I'm using Gazebo to simulate and Rviz to see the vision_pose ROS topic (the orientation/...
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Do IMU have value in SLAM?

IMU are often used in theoretical models involving SLAM. I'm a bit confused on their practical value since error accumulation is so bad that after a couple seconds you need to completely ignore it. ...
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Which scan matching algorithm can be used to extract the moving objects (in 2D lidar scanner)?

There are different types of scan matching algorithms to match consecutive 2D lidar scans, see https://youtu.be/nvFcN2-NqRc?t=421 (ICP, correlative matching, RANSAC). Most of the algorithms return the ...
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What are the state-of-the-art variants of the basic ICP algorithm for point cloud registration?

The questions is quite straightforward. For the past few days I've been looking into point cloud registration. It looks like it all started with the basic ICP algorithm as described in P. J. Besl and ...
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What is the state-of-the-art approach to detect moving objects from mobile robot with 2D Lidar only?

Having a setup of a mobile robot with a 360° 2D lidar (1 plane). What is the current easiest approach to detect moving object with a high reliability from a moving robot? To make it simple, we ...
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How do robots move parallel to a wall/line?

I have been studying robotics by myself, lately. I noticed that there are various mapping, localization methods (popularly under SLAM), but are there concepts relating to the robot moving in a ...
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How to get 2D map using Stereoscopic camer (RGB+D), IMU and GPS?

I am starting with slam using imu, stereo camera (that gives RGB + depth info) camera and gps mounted on my robot. I wish to create a 2D map for it like this: But with landmarks, so that I can stop ...
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Improvements over FastSLAM2.0

Are there some papers and/or works that describe improvements for the FastSLAM2.0 algorithm? I'm particularly interested in the following areas: The map is completely unknown at the beginning of the ...
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When a permutation matrix is desired for transforming camera frame to world frame?

When dealing with rectified images, why would the inverse of a simple permutation matrix $$P = {\begin{bmatrix} 0 & -1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & -1 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 \end{bmatrix}}^{-1}$$ ...
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How does isam compare with Gmapping and Hector?

I read about incremental smoothing and mapping (iSAM) first in the paper on hector_slam (a flexible and scalable SLAM system with full 3D motion estimation by Stefan Kohlbrecher et al) and then read ...
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How to deal with Gaussian Errors, which don't have a mean value of 0?

I'm writing a SLAM algorithm. One of the main problems is, that the landmark measurement error is not really Gaussian distributed, which means, their error doesn't have a mean value of 0. I already ...
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Transforming a 3x3 Covariance Matrix to 2x2

Hello friends of the robotics, for Data Association I have the Robots cov matrix in a 3x3 Form, but the measurements and landmarks only in 2x2. I want to compute the Mahalanobis distance, so how ...
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Triangulation: Ceres solver minimizes only the last residual block

I have been attempting to estimate a bunch of 3d coordinates viewed via a multi-view setup with known poses, I have the code running, but the output of ceres seems baffling. There are 7 image frames/...
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Estimate noise covariance matrix of measurements using a ros-bag

I am facing the following issue, and some hint or orientation would be great. I am working on a project in which I was given a ROS bag, and I have to implement a localization node using SLAM. To do so,...
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How does loop closure backpropagate the robots states into prior times?

I have read some about loop closure and I am somewhat confused. Suppose we implement something like EKF slam using LIDAR and suppose loop closure is aided by computer vision based features so that if ...
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How to correctly use [VertexSE3Expmap] as two connecting Vertex in Edge_V_V_GICP?

I am working on a pose estimation problem solved by Levenberg-Marquardt with g2o. I want to build 3D rigid constraint between two pose, so I choose Edge_V_V_GICP and test the g2o/examples/icp/...
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Should I wrap the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters to a single vector during optimization?

I've read the libmv library dedicated to solving the bundle adjustment problem. The author states it's better to wrap the rotation and translation parameters into a single vector during optimization ...
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What does the normalized image coordinates imply?

In VSLAM or visual odometry, we use a camera matrix P to transform 3D scene points to 2D image points. When using homogeneous representation, we may choose the image coordinates as the normalized ...
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Does every rotation vector has an one-to-one corresponding rotation matrix?

Given a rotation vector, can we always get the same corresponding rotation matrix computed by the Rodrigue's rotation formula?
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Applying Rotation & Translation Matrix Obtained from Iterative Closest Point

Suppose I have M lidar contour points from t = k and N lidar contour points from t = k+1. (Some of you might question why I have differing number of contour points, and the reason is that these lidar ...
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Can someone share with me some modern review paper about the filter-based SLAM?

I'm currently learning the Visual SLAM. But I'm also very curious about the modern filter-based SLAM. Can someone share with me some modern review papers about it?
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How is the depth estimation done in DTAM / LSD-SLAM (direct VSLAM)?

I know that DTAM and LSD-SLAM both employ the photometric error between two keyframes to estimate the image depth. But I don't know what the photometric error describes precisely. In the DTAM paper, I ...
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How do you handle angle discontinuities in estimation problems?

When one is implementing a state estimator in a system that involves kinematics, will inevitably face the problem of angle discontinuities, i.e., the fact that the angles have to be wrapped between ...
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Occupancy grid maps

Why do we take probabilistic approch to model the environment for robots in occupancy grid maps.The assumption is always taken that each cell on the grid map is either free or occupied.So why have ...
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ICP(Iterative Closest Point) with Partially Overlapping Conditions & Changing Point Numbers

I am currently working on fixing vehicle odometry data using lidar contour points. Since I am receiving lidar data in the form of countour points, I thought I'd use ICP to correct the odometry error ...
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Vehicle Odometry Correction Using Lidar Contour Points (Localization)

I am currently working on a project where... Vehicle travels from point A to B GPS trajectory is used as a reference Vehicle odometry (bicycle model without slip angle beta) was used to estimate a ...
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Compute path in absolute frame from sequence of measurements

I have a sequence of measurements $\{(x_i, y_i, \theta_i)\}_{i = 1 \:...\: N}$. Each of these represents the new pose of the robot seen from the previous pose, i.e. a measurement $(x', y', \theta')$ ...
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Motion model and homogeneous transformation issue on a drone

I am trying to develop a EKF-SLAM algorithm for a drone, and I want to estimate its position in the inertial/world reference frame. I have as control variables the linear and angular velocities in the ...
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Are there some papers or books that compactly elaborate the essential part of the multiple view geometry?

I am a novice to visual SLAM and computer vision. Recently I've read a paper "A micro Lie theory for state estimation in robotics" dedicated to introducing the essential part that necessary to ...
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Robot Localization - Motion and Sense Probability

I'm currently taking Udacity's AI for robotics course and came across a question that stumped me. The problem plays on localization probability given uncertainty in our measurement updates. The first ...
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Caculate/Specify the covariance matrix for a omniwheel robot

I have an omnidirectional robot (x, y and rotation around z), which I would like to use the SLAM-algorithm from ROS. But the odometry from the robot has a drift, which makes some error. To improve the ...
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Bundle Adjustment for Monocular SLAM

I am confused with how monocular BA works in visual-based SLAM. Is there any tutorials I can do in openCV to provide me some visualization aid? Thank You.
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EKF-SLAM what should the observation model be?

I am implementing an EKF algorithm for a drone localization, and while I was defining the observation model I got a bit confused. This is my situation: I have a drone which is able to give me the ...
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What is the concepts of submaps in LIDAR based graph slam algorithms?

I have been reading some slam papers recently and many of the papers mention building and performing scan matching on submaps instead of individual poses. Does it mean that a submap is just a single ...

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