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Questions tagged [sensors]

A sensor (also called detector) is a converter that measures a physical quantity and converts it into a signal which can be read by an observer or by an (today mostly electronic) instrument.

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Drone Mapping Project

I'm mapping my college campus with a drone (as part of an approved science project). I want to film, measure the temperature, and take infrared video at the same time. What drones are good for ...
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2answers
21 views

Sensor complement in Drone

I saw a question posted by @Rocketmagnet (Why do I need a Kalman filter?) about the need for a Kalman filter. In that question, he says he's designing an UAV and lists the following sensors he will ...
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1answer
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Accuracy of 3D scanners in featureless environments

I am trying to 3D reconstruct a room that has been freshly constructed but the walls have not yet been either plastered or painted/wallpapered. So far I have tried using mapping techniques(like rtab ...
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2answers
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IMU and encoder fusion

I'm trying to simulate data fusion for a 4-wheeled mobile robot using ekf and am using IMU and wheel encoders as sensors,where IMU measures linear acceleration and angular velocity and encoder ...
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2answers
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Vısual sensor.camera lenses with a field of view of more than 180 degree

What kind of camera models can be used for lenses with a field of view of more than 180 degree ? Is ıt possible if not why? Are fisheye lenses suitable for this purpose?
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1answer
73 views

GraphSLAM data accumulation problem

I try to implement GraphSLAM from this tutorial, The GraphSLAM Algorithm with Applications to Large-Scale Mapping of Urban Structures. I have some doubt while studying this paper. I hope people who ...
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1answer
49 views

3D Direction Sensor - Question from a Neuroscientist

I'm posting here on the advice of r/diydrones, who said you're the people to ask. I'm hoping you might be able to help out with a problem i've come across in my research? I'm a Neuroscientist working ...
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1answer
36 views

What are the differences between wheel and manipulator joint encoders?

As far as I understand the joint encoders output the angle and the wheel encoders output speed. Is that accurate? In either case, how do the differences affect the kinematic calculations, as in path ...
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2answers
186 views

How do I determine the required encoder resolution for a control system?

I'm designing a joint which will have to move with a velocity of ~60RPM and I have to come up with resolution requirement for the encoders within this joint. I notice however that this is easier said ...
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Can a RPI3B+ handle all this?

I am building a robot that needs to accomplish the following tasks: Keep track of 4 quadrotor encoders, each 979.62 CPR @ ~ 500RPM, so ~ 8163.5 counts per second Read from an RPlidar A1M8, giving out ...
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0answers
72 views

How to handle sensor data for a sensor-fusion algorithm

I am implementing the explicit complementary filter(see below) with a 9DOF MEMS sensors (accelerometer, magnetometer and gyroscope) for attitude estimation. Currently, the gyro and accel update rates ...
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Choosing a position sensor (encoder) and obtaining velocity from it

How do I know how many counts per revolution I need for an encoder for my application? I need to be able to accurately capture a 1000 Hz signal on an input side running from 1-133 rev/sec (60-8000 ...
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1answer
41 views

How to determine the rotation matrix and translation vector of a fixed LiDAR from the sensor frame to an aircraft's vehicle frame?

I am using a fixed 3D LiDAR sensor on a small aircraft. The vehicle has a GPS/INU to calculate its own position and orientation. I do not know the exact offset of the LIDAR from the center of the ...
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21 views

I need to read a lot of analog signals without any analog pins

I have an nvidia xavier with gpio running linux. It should work very similarly to raspberry pis. I need to connect a bunch of pressure sensors, thermistor, potentiometers, and vibration sensors to my ...
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2answers
52 views

outdoor autonomous robot [closed]

i had search over google and found out more or less some sensor that i could use like sonar, gyroscope, accelerometer,magnetometer and gps and 2d lidar (which is less expensive, around $300) i have ...
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1answer
86 views

Retrieving distance and angle of roobma create2

The goal of my project is to get a real-time location information of roobma. The information includes the x position, the y position and the angle (12 o'clock direction is 0 degree, 3 o'clock is 90 ...
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Tracking object in realtime using depth image stream from a RGBD camera

I have an Intel RealSense camera which can stream RGB and depth image. Using those information I want to track an object moving on a table top. More specifically, I want to know position $(x,y)$ and ...
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7answers
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What are some low cost alternatives for lidar? [closed]

It need not be as effective as lidar or it may have some disadvantages when compared with lidar. What are the probable alternatives? Edit: I'm intending to use it outdoors for navigation of ...
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1answer
57 views

Why won't my PID line follower work?

I'm trying to implement a PID based line follower. The robot has 2 line sensors with ranges from 0-200, with 0 being black and 200 being white. I'm trying to follow a black line. I'm struggling to ...
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4answers
407 views

Don't understand how sensor works, metal wired directly to I/O pin of arduino

I'm trying to understand how an electronic musical instrument (called an e-chanter) works (imagine a recorder or other wind instrument, but with the holes replaced with metal contacts, and the sound ...
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2answers
273 views

Can high voltage power lines provide a super highway for drones?

Is there a way to convert the EM field that surrounds high voltage power lines for direct usable electricity for air or ground drones for continuous flight or travel? Added: Yes could the EM field be ...
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1answer
3k views

Angle Random Walk vs. Rate Noise Density (MPU6050)

I’ve made a datalog from a MPU6050 (IMU: gyroscope and accelerometer) at 500Hz sample rate. Now I want to calculate the characteristics from the gyro to evaluate the sensor. For the gyro I’ve found ...
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2answers
313 views

How can I detect if a DC motor on a robot is starting to fail?

What characteristics can I look for which could be reliable early warning signs that a DC motor on my robot, say one used for the drive, could be failing? I'm looking for an answer that deals in terms ...
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1answer
86 views

.launch file associated while using a sensor

What is the general structure of .launch file for using a sensor? For example: 1.Following code is example for using a JoyStick to control TurtleSim ...
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1answer
44 views

Transformation matrix between a 2D and a 3D coordinate system

I have 2 sensors : one has 2D coordinate system and the other has a 3D coordinate system (not same origin). Knowing the positions of some corresponding target points (used as fixed reference) in both ...
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1answer
173 views

Noisy magnetometer data

I’m looking to develop an AHRS for which I’m using a magnetometer to correct for heading errors. I wanted to check that the magnetometer I'm using is functioning to the level of accuracy (+- 1 degree) ...
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1answer
21 views

time to Initialise or start sensor after power given [closed]

I am working on a time critical project. I use an optical sensor. I would like to know the initialisation or boot time the sensor after power given which will be in µS. How could I measure that?
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23 views

How to improve confidence an object is in a particular place

I'm dealing with a problem where sometimes an object I'm looking at using RF signals can appear to be somewhere it's not due to the bouncing of the waves. Currently what I have in place is a circular ...
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0answers
88 views

Magnetometer Calibration

I'm looking at using a magnetometer in a project and I'm struggling to understand the proper procedure for calibration of the sensor. I understand that magnetometers need to be calibrated to ...
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1answer
39 views

project to create a lighter wall [duplicate]

We are working in a project to help blind people cross the street alone .so ,Can I create a Virtual reality wall or a holographic 3d one that is visible in the Street and in all day times ?? ( morning ...
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4answers
22k views

What is the difference between Kinect for Windows and Kinect for XBox?

As I see there is a huge price gap between the two \$223 vs \$99 (at amazon). My intention is to use one of those from Ubuntu linux to perform depth sensing, navigation etc. and naturally I prefer ...
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0answers
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What's the brand of this acoustic speaker whose operation range is 10-100 kHz?

In this paper A fully autonomous terrestrial bat-like acoustic robot - PLOS the robot that is being presented is equipped with an acoustic speaker that can generate 10-100 kHz sound waves. I want to ...
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Detecting and counting the number of junctions

So I am making a robot which is to follow a line. The field has both +(junctions) as well(by the intersection of two lights). I am yet to figure out what exactly is the best way to track the number of ...
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2answers
10k views

Altitude hold for quadcopter with Accelerometer and Barometer

I wonder currently how to implement an altitude control for a quadcopter. I have atm just a barometer/GPS and an accelerometer. Barometer and GPS are relatively straight forward implemented, but not ...
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1answer
37 views

Robotic Arm Senior Capstone. Electronics/Controls/Sensors Questions

I am a mechanical engineering student currently working on my senior capstone. My team of all MechEs has to build a robotic "arm" where the arm is really just a link/bar of aluminum. The thing we ...
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1answer
65 views

How do ultrasonic range behave with two objects at differents distance?

If I have the following objects: A and B. A is a distance "Y" from the ultrasonic sense and B is a distance "x". If B is fix and A is moving, does the ultrasonic sense receive and detects A distance?
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1answer
47 views

How to set sensor output

can anyone please tell me if the sensor output is 0 to +-10V, and i connnect the sensor to differential amplifier to get an output of 0 to 3.3V then what is the input voltage to differential amplifier ...
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0answers
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Calculation of accuracy during dead reckoning based for sensor selection [duplicate]

I am working on a problem in robot tracking, where our main position sensor will be unavailable for up to a second due to its low frequency. That's why we would need to track its 2D-movements (x&y-...
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3answers
347 views

PID and Kalman filters

Both PID and Kalman filters are used extensively in Robotics. I gather, Kalman filters for sensing and PID for control. What is the mathematical, statistical or other relationship between them?
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1answer
46 views

Object detection using ToF sensor

I am making an indoor robot and in order to detect static and dynamic objects I have decided to go with ST VL53L1X ToF proximity sensor, here is the link: https://www.st.com/en/imaging-and-photonics-...
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3answers
2k views

What's the difference between a sonar and ultrasonic sensor?

After having read the introductions of the Wikipedia articles about "sonar" and "ultrasonic sensor", it is still not clear to me what the differences between the two are. In the context of robotics, ...
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3answers
83 views

How can I get the distance from a robot to a beacon?

I'm planning to create a Raspberry Pi robot to map a room. I intend to use a particle filtering algorithm as one of the central points of the project, that will allow me to work out my position ...
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6answers
28k views

What is the cheapest / easiest way of detecting a person?

I'd like to know if anyone has had success detecting a warm-bodied mammal (ie. Human) using standard off the shelf, inexpensive sensors? Ideally, I'd like to use an inexpensive sensor or ...
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1answer
374 views

What approaches should I consider to create rotating a turret

First a bit of background, I am planning to make a highly maneuverable airship controlled by four thrust vectored propellers. I don't want to rely on a rudder and forward momentum for turns but ...
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2answers
945 views

Line following robot with EV3 Colour Sensor

I am trying to build an advanced coloured lines following robot with the ability to differentiate between many different coloured lines and follow them. I am looking for the right sensor that will ...
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2answers
72 views

Matrix is singular error in GraphSLAM

I have gone through The GraphSLAM Algorithm with Applications to Large-Scale Mapping of Urban Structures. I implemented the code for GraphSLAM. The fundamental formula of GraphSLAM is $$\mu = \Omega^...
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1answer
39 views

Sensors for identifying stacked books

I am working on a robotics application that involves moving objects (e.g. books) between several (around 10) stacks. To measure the performance, I'd like to be able to measure which book is located on ...
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1answer
77 views

Pressure Sensors for Robot Bumper

I'm building an omni-directional robot base and want to add some kind of low-level obstacle detection. The complete robot will have LIDAR and camera for navigation but I'd like to add something at the ...
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1answer
61 views

Any kind of sensor to detect really fast moving objects with minimum 25 m radius sub 1.000$?

What we are specifically interested in is for our quad-copter to be able to detect and maneuver to avoid (maneuverability is based on our custom algorithms) objects flying towards it with great speeds....
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1answer
487 views

Overview - what skills are needed for sensor fusion?

I want to make a list of what knowledge is necessary for sensor fusion. Since it has a wide array of possible applications, it is not clear where to begin studying. Can we please verify add topics ...