Questions tagged [sensors]

A sensor (also called detector) is a converter that measures a physical quantity and converts it into a signal which can be read by an observer or by an (today mostly electronic) instrument.

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2answers
364 views

Is there an advantage to multiple magnetometers for heading computation

I'm building an autonomous sail boat (ripped out the guts of an RC sail boat and replaced with my own mainboard etc.) The controller board I have can accommodate both an MPU9150 and an HMC5883. Is ...
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14 views

Any advantage in placing IR sensors on a curved line for line following?

The line following IR sensor arrays that are available in the market usually comes with IR sensors placed along a straight line. If I am to make an IR sensor array for line following from scratch, is ...
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97 views

Localize a Mobile Robot on a Mirror

I am currently busy with a project which requires me to construct a robot capable of cleaning a heliostat (movable mirror used to redirect sunlight). Heliostats are basically large flat mirrors that ...
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1answer
30 views

how to calculate the accuracy of data received from RTK-GPS?

I have received data from an RTK-GPS, in an environment free from buildings and other GPS obstructions. the covariance of these data is 0.01. now I do not know this is good or not? How can I find out ...
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40 views

How to use knowledge of sensor noise

Reasoning about the meaning of uncertainty of sensor measurement I ran into a doubt: (1) When we talk about sensor uncertainty, we often model it as a Gaussian distribution $\mathcal{N}(\boldsymbol{z},...
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2answers
150 views

Vısual sensor.camera lenses with a field of view of more than 180 degree

What kind of camera models can be used for lenses with a field of view of more than 180 degree ? Is ıt possible if not why? Are fisheye lenses suitable for this purpose?
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1answer
136 views

GraphSLAM data accumulation problem

I try to implement GraphSLAM from this tutorial, The GraphSLAM Algorithm with Applications to Large-Scale Mapping of Urban Structures. I have some doubt while studying this paper. I hope people who ...
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0answers
149 views

Nonlinear Sensor Fusion with Space-Time Finite Element and Static Condensation?

I have recently implemented an algorithm for the nonlinear fusion of GNSS, barometer, magnetometer, accelerometer and gyroscope data. The algorithm is based on a space-time finite element where the ...
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1answer
23 views

Can you plug a CMOS camera (like the iPhone 8 back camera) into an mPCIe in a laptop?

I read that 12 megapixel iPhone cameras don’t record video in 12 megapixels because the processors are not able to keep up. It seems though, that if I could plug the CMOS sensor to the CPU of a laptop,...
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2answers
9k views

Do multiple LIDAR systems in same area interfere?

LIDARs use a pulse of light to measure distance, usually from the time of flight to reflection and back. With a collection of these measurements they can determine their surroundings in two or three ...
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1answer
31 views

Attaching an optical rotary encoder to a bicycle wheel

I am currently working on a Sixth-Form experimental physics project, the end goal of which is to build a simplified Malkus Waterwheel, and to see whether chaotic synchronization can be achieved ...
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1answer
6k views

Angle Random Walk vs. Rate Noise Density (MPU6050)

I’ve made a datalog from a MPU6050 (IMU: gyroscope and accelerometer) at 500Hz sample rate. Now I want to calculate the characteristics from the gyro to evaluate the sensor. For the gyro I’ve found ...
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117 views

Is it possible to track position using gyroscope and accelerometer without a magnetometer?

I'm looking for help on a project where I will be placing sensor data in 3D space using augmented reality. Most solutions I have found for finding position with an IMU involve the magnetometer, but ...
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25 views

Data gathering and selling [closed]

a friend of mine is building various Robots with different structures, sensors, limbs executing different tasks. He gathers data from all sensors etc regarding technical and scientific range of ...
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1answer
63 views

Robotics Structure

I am a kind of a new developer and a beginner in Robotics and AI. I am currently learning using the Arduino Uno starter kit. My knowledge on C & C++ is on the beginner's level but i get the whole ...
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1answer
50 views

Simulating sensor readings based on an existing Alan Variance Analysis

My goal is to model an accelerometer and a gyroscope based on real hardware. I understand deterministic errors like bias and scaling but the different types of non-deterministic errors are difficult. ...
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1answer
24 views

What kind of distance sensors should I use for outdoors applications?

I want to measure two or more distances between two or more sensors and a truck-trailer front face in an outdoors (night/day, rain/shine) environment. I've been looking at the different types of ...
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How to create pseudo code for Braitenberg vehicle 2b?

I am asked to make Braitenberg vehicle for small robotic exhibition. I am asked to use GL5528 light sensor. My job is to construct and program Braitenberg vehicle 2b, which uses GL5528 light sensors ...
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3answers
1k views

Line following robot with EV3 Colour Sensor

I am trying to build an advanced coloured lines following robot with the ability to differentiate between many different coloured lines and follow them. I am looking for the right sensor that will ...
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0answers
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How to set "fast mode" in low cost DRO

I have this cheap DRO from Amazon/China https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00E7XFF5Q/ref=ppx_yo_dt_b_asin_title_o07_s00?ie=UTF8&psc=1 I'm able to read the values out of it using a small FPGA. The ...
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1answer
27 views

Force-torque sensor reading when a robot is stationary

Let's say I have a robot arm with a force-torque sensor on the wrist, between the final motor and the gripper. If the arm and wrist are stationary, then what would the reading on the sensor be? I know ...
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1answer
31 views

Looking for a wheel

If this is not the right community please point me in the right direction. I am looking for a speed measuring wheel similar to the one in the picture.. What is it called? I have googled for a ...
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4answers
1k views

IR pattern projector

I am currently working on a robotics project in which I wish to integrated a depth/object scanner. Now my focus is currently on an IR camera in combination with some sort of IR pattern projector. ...
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2answers
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please identify this switch

can anyone identify this switch type, please? I've been looking all day at various websites. I'm just looking for a very simple touch sensor, and this seems ideal
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2answers
7k views

How to prevent twisting of cables

I am planning to create a motor turret described in this question. But to simplify the problem, I'm thinking of a wind turbine with a generator in the main head that can rotate freely through 360 ...
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1answer
44 views

Underwater navigation without the use of acoustic sensors

I have been reading about different types of underwater navigation. According to this Youtube video, these are the following navigation systems: Inertial navigation systems (use of Inertial ...
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1answer
62 views

Can I measure torque from this motor by only measuring the current?

I am new to robotics, please forgive/correct any errors. My Project Plan I want to use a PID controlled motor in a human-interface device where I need to measure the user's exerted force on an end ...
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1answer
57 views

Create2: Getting strange data reading sensor data

I am new to Create2 and I hope someone can help me. I have a problem with reading the sensor data or the data I get. I have setup a nodeJS application running on a Raspberry PI 3B+. Sending data (e.g: ...
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1answer
124 views

IR Sensor to detect fast moving object

I have a somewhat specific need for a project I'm building: I am trying to create a sensor grid of 1.5m height by 2m wide that has to be able to detect objects, ~10cm in diameter, in potentially ...
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13 views

How to spatially calibrate two FLIR thermal SC8000 cameras?

I have two FLIR SC8000 cameras and I do not know how to spatially calibrate them? I am doing stereo videography of a deformable moving object in a 1mx1m square. I also don't know what angle of these ...
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1answer
558 views

How to determine the rotation matrix and translation vector of a fixed LiDAR from the sensor frame to an aircraft's vehicle frame?

I am using a fixed 3D LiDAR sensor on a small aircraft. The vehicle has a GPS/INU to calculate its own position and orientation. I do not know the exact offset of the LIDAR from the center of the ...
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2answers
57 views

How to make my robot move parallel to edge of the table?

I have an autonomous differential drive robot that moves on the floor and its purpose is to always move parallel to the longer edge of the table (just assume that the table never ends). It looks ...
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1answer
65 views

For a quadcopter do i need to place the gyroscope sensor at the center of mass?

I am trying to build a quadcopter and think it is essential to have its center of mass in the middle. Therefore, I am planning on putting the battery in the center. However, this will cause me to ...
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2answers
120 views

Detection of linear acceleration vs rotational velocity/acceleration

I am wondering, how do you differentiate between linear acceleration and rotational velocity and acceleration for IMU? A rotational velocity or acceleration will still appear to the accelerometer as a ...
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32 views

Barometer altitude calculation

I want to calculate altitude using a barometer which is mounted in the proximity of a number of components which get quite hot and raise the localised temperature. The barometric pressure equation is ...
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4answers
427 views

What kind of sensor do I need for knowing that something is placed at a position?

I have a small device that's picking up small rocks from a pile and moving them to another place. Its a kind of crude way of trying to push the whole pile onto a bigger gear and hoping one of them is ...
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2answers
24k views

How to fuse linear and angular data from sensors?

My team and I are setting up an outdoor robot that has encoders, a commercial-grade IMU, and GPS sensor. The robot has a basic tank drive, so the encoders sufficiently supply ticks from the left and ...
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2answers
73 views

How to handle multi-sensors data? [closed]

I am new to the sensor data fusion world. I want to find room vacancy using ultrasonic, PIR, and sound sensors. These sensors deliver binary information about the occupancy. How can I combine the ...
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1answer
48 views

How to set the output in a differential amplifier?

Can anyone please tell me if the sensor output is 0 to +-10V, and I connect the sensor to a differential amplifier to get an output of 0 to 3.3V then what is the input voltage to the differential ...
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1answer
687 views

How to calculate vehicle detection distance?

I would like to know how to calculate the distance to each car when I run my application for an autonomous vehicle in real-time. In addition, I want to know how to implement the calculation in C++. ...
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1answer
40 views

ROS sensor implementation

From this page, there are lots of sensors to be used in ros robots. http://wiki.ros.org/Sensors But, I could not install any of them to the robots in my simulations. For example, I want to install the ...
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2answers
29 views

Measuring a Motor's Internal Temperature

As a final safety measure regarding some high wattage motors, I want to measure their temperature (either internal or surface) in live time so that I can automatically kill the power if it crosses a ...
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1answer
35 views

Does an S type load cell need to be loaded perpendicular to its screw holes?

I know that a bar type load cell needs to be setup as shown here as to flex the strain gauge However, most tutorials or guides show how to setup an S type load cell like this (for tension) and not ...
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0answers
82 views

Assistance in finding correct LIDAR for short-range object detection task

I am working on a task that involves finding a distance of a moving object going a static linear object, e.g a long pole. After trying some approaches (mostly involving stereo vision), I have come up ...
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1answer
94 views

How to compute the field of view of a robot when obstacles are around?

Is there a formula to compute the field of view of a robot when it is obstructed by other objects like in this picture When it is a full circle it should be ...
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2answers
1k views

IMU and encoder fusion

I'm trying to simulate data fusion for a 4-wheeled mobile robot using ekf and am using IMU and wheel encoders as sensors,where IMU measures linear acceleration and angular velocity and encoder ...
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2answers
90 views

Mapping on Glass Surface

Hi i am building a robot that can travel on a transparent/glass surface but i want to map the whole surface. What is the best Solution for a 2D mapping of a transparent surface? -Is Lidar mapping ...
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1answer
41 views

Sensors to detect targets in low visibility environment

I want to know what type of sensor hardware I need to allow detection of moving targets (20mm - 200mm size range) in heavily murky water, where visibility range of typical camera can be limited to 0.5 ...
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1answer
141 views

Accuracy of 3D scanners in featureless environments

I am trying to 3D reconstruct a room that has been freshly constructed but the walls have not yet been either plastered or painted/wallpapered. So far I have tried using mapping techniques(like rtab ...
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1answer
66 views

Visible light sensors for line follower

I'm making a second version of my line follower robot and I'm thinking what are the line sensors going to look like. In the previous version I've successfully used IR LEDs and IR phototransistors, ...

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