Questions tagged [sensors]

A sensor (also called detector) is a converter that measures a physical quantity and converts it into a signal which can be read by an observer or by an (today mostly electronic) instrument.

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129 views

Nonlinear Sensor Fusion with Space-Time Finite Element and Static Condensation?

I have recently implemented an algorithm for the nonlinear fusion of GNSS, barometer, magnetometer, accelerometer and gyroscope data. The algorithm is based on a space-time finite element where the ...
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How to use knowledge of sensor noise

Reasoning about the meaning of uncertainty of sensor measurement I ran into a doubt: (1) When we talk about sensor uncertainty, we often model it as a Gaussian distribution $\mathcal{N}(\boldsymbol{z},...
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Can you plug a CMOS camera (like the iPhone 8 back camera) into an mPCIe in a laptop?

I read that 12 megapixel iPhone cameras don’t record video in 12 megapixels because the processors are not able to keep up. It seems though, that if I could plug the CMOS sensor to the CPU of a laptop,...
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how to calculate the accuracy of data received from RTK-GPS?

I have received data from an RTK-GPS, in an environment free from buildings and other GPS obstructions. the covariance of these data is 0.01. now I do not know this is good or not? How can I find out ...
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Attaching an optical rotary encoder to a bicycle wheel

I am currently working on a Sixth-Form experimental physics project, the end goal of which is to build a simplified Malkus Waterwheel, and to see whether chaotic synchronization can be achieved ...
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Data gathering and selling [closed]

a friend of mine is building various Robots with different structures, sensors, limbs executing different tasks. He gathers data from all sensors etc regarding technical and scientific range of ...
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62 views

Robotics Structure

I am a kind of a new developer and a beginner in Robotics and AI. I am currently learning using the Arduino Uno starter kit. My knowledge on C & C++ is on the beginner's level but i get the whole ...
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21 views

What kind of distance sensors should I use for outdoors applications?

I want to measure two or more distances between two or more sensors and a truck-trailer front face in an outdoors (night/day, rain/shine) environment. I've been looking at the different types of ...
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How to create pseudo code for Braitenberg vehicle 2b?

I am asked to make Braitenberg vehicle for small robotic exhibition. I am asked to use GL5528 light sensor. My job is to construct and program Braitenberg vehicle 2b, which uses GL5528 light sensors ...
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How to set “fast mode” in low cost DRO

I have this cheap DRO from Amazon/China https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00E7XFF5Q/ref=ppx_yo_dt_b_asin_title_o07_s00?ie=UTF8&psc=1 I'm able to read the values out of it using a small FPGA. The ...
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26 views

Force-torque sensor reading when a robot is stationary

Let's say I have a robot arm with a force-torque sensor on the wrist, between the final motor and the gripper. If the arm and wrist are stationary, then what would the reading on the sensor be? I know ...
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Looking for a wheel

If this is not the right community please point me in the right direction. I am looking for a speed measuring wheel similar to the one in the picture.. What is it called? I have googled for a ...
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44 views

Underwater navigation without the use of acoustic sensors

I have been reading about different types of underwater navigation. According to this Youtube video, these are the following navigation systems: Inertial navigation systems (use of Inertial ...
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1answer
60 views

Can I measure torque from this motor by only measuring the current?

I am new to robotics, please forgive/correct any errors. My Project Plan I want to use a PID controlled motor in a human-interface device where I need to measure the user's exerted force on an end ...
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76 views

please identify this switch

can anyone identify this switch type, please? I've been looking all day at various websites. I'm just looking for a very simple touch sensor, and this seems ideal
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Create2: Getting strange data reading sensor data

I am new to Create2 and I hope someone can help me. I have a problem with reading the sensor data or the data I get. I have setup a nodeJS application running on a Raspberry PI 3B+. Sending data (e.g: ...
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103 views

IR Sensor to detect fast moving object

I have a somewhat specific need for a project I'm building: I am trying to create a sensor grid of 1.5m height by 2m wide that has to be able to detect objects, ~10cm in diameter, in potentially ...
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How to spatially calibrate two FLIR thermal SC8000 cameras?

I have two FLIR SC8000 cameras and I do not know how to spatially calibrate them? I am doing stereo videography of a deformable moving object in a 1mx1m square. I also don't know what angle of these ...
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How to make my robot move parallel to edge of the table?

I have an autonomous differential drive robot that moves on the floor and its purpose is to always move parallel to the longer edge of the table (just assume that the table never ends). It looks ...
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Barometer altitude calculation

I want to calculate altitude using a barometer which is mounted in the proximity of a number of components which get quite hot and raise the localised temperature. The barometric pressure equation is ...
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116 views

Detection of linear acceleration vs rotational velocity/acceleration

I am wondering, how do you differentiate between linear acceleration and rotational velocity and acceleration for IMU? A rotational velocity or acceleration will still appear to the accelerometer as a ...
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1answer
58 views

For a quadcopter do i need to place the gyroscope sensor at the center of mass?

I am trying to build a quadcopter and think it is essential to have its center of mass in the middle. Therefore, I am planning on putting the battery in the center. However, this will cause me to ...
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32 views

Does an S type load cell need to be loaded perpendicular to its screw holes?

I know that a bar type load cell needs to be setup as shown here as to flex the strain gauge However, most tutorials or guides show how to setup an S type load cell like this (for tension) and not ...
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Assistance in finding correct LIDAR for short-range object detection task

I am working on a task that involves finding a distance of a moving object going a static linear object, e.g a long pole. After trying some approaches (mostly involving stereo vision), I have come up ...
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Measuring a Motor's Internal Temperature

As a final safety measure regarding some high wattage motors, I want to measure their temperature (either internal or surface) in live time so that I can automatically kill the power if it crosses a ...
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Simulating sensor readings based on an existing Alan Variance Analysis

My goal is to model an accelerometer and a gyroscope based on real hardware. I understand deterministic errors like bias and scaling but the different types of non-deterministic errors are difficult. ...
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Sensors to detect targets in low visibility environment

I want to know what type of sensor hardware I need to allow detection of moving targets (20mm - 200mm size range) in heavily murky water, where visibility range of typical camera can be limited to 0.5 ...
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109 views

Is it possible to track position using gyroscope and accelerometer without a magnetometer?

I'm looking for help on a project where I will be placing sensor data in 3D space using augmented reality. Most solutions I have found for finding position with an IMU involve the magnetometer, but ...
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ROS sensor implementation

From this page, there are lots of sensors to be used in ros robots. http://wiki.ros.org/Sensors But, I could not install any of them to the robots in my simulations. For example, I want to install the ...
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How to loop various conditions multiple times

I have 2 arrays (s_left and s_right) a length (dis), the arrays in reality are produced from sensor values. The first situation entails looping the condition (s_left < dis) twice and at the same ...
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313 views

what kind of processing is required on raw IMU data before it is fed into a filter?

Im working on quadcopter. At this stage im coding a reference system for quadcopter using 10DOF board.At this stage im at the point of only getting raw data values from accelerometer, gyroscope, & ...
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50 views

What does “resolution of a sensor” mean? [closed]

I am studying robotics and I am focusing my attention on the sensors used on robot manipulators. I have seen that there a proprioceptive sensors, such as encoders, and exteroceptive sensors, such as ...
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54 views

Drone Horizontal Speed Measurement

Assuming no GPS is available, what can be used to measure the horizontal speed of a hypothetical drone? Sensor mass and size don't need to be taken into account. Could small Doppler radars , maybe ...
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How to obtain airspeed data

I want to measure the airspeed on a flying vehicle and get the data with a microcontroller. Note that, there will not be any control mechanism on the flying object, it will be flying mechanicaly/...
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36 views

Feasibility of SLAM with heterogeneous sensors

Why are there so few published implementations of SLAM with support for heterogeneous sensors? Heterogeneous sensors include LIDAR, monocular cameras, stereo cameras, thermal sensors from more than ...
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42 views

Are there solid state directional sensors available?

I have no problem building little robots which are more or less self driving RC cars. Now I want them to be aware of and interact with each other. In simulations they all know the position of all ...
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Best Sensors/Upgrades for mBots? [closed]

So i have regular mBot with black/white line follower & ultrasonic sensor. What would be the best thing to upgrade it with? Also is there something that is similar to those blue metal rods? I ...
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3answers
92 views

Localize a Mobile Robot on a Mirror

I am currently busy with a project which requires me to construct a robot capable of cleaning a heliostat (movable mirror used to redirect sunlight). Heliostats are basically large flat mirrors that ...
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1answer
37 views

Sensor options for localization on linear rail

For a thesis project for ways to localize a slide on a linear rail with a length of ~1m. The slide in question is the seat of an indoor rowing machine: Concept2 Ergometer Price is definitely an issue ...
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3answers
234 views

Understanding the SICK S300 RS422 data output

I'm using a SICK S300 safety scanner connected via RS422 -> USB and I'm trying to decode the lines of data into meaningful values, however looking at the data compared to the Telegram Listing it seems ...
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208 views

How to estimate yaw angle from magnetometer and gyroscope?

I'm using the MPU9250, it measures acceleration, magnetometer, gyro, etc. Complementary filter tutorial for this is here, however this tutorial does not have a magnetometer and I do, thus I thought I ...
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1answer
63 views

Visible light sensors for line follower

I'm making a second version of my line follower robot and I'm thinking what are the line sensors going to look like. In the previous version I've successfully used IR LEDs and IR phototransistors, ...
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89 views

Mapping on Glass Surface

Hi i am building a robot that can travel on a transparent/glass surface but i want to map the whole surface. What is the best Solution for a 2D mapping of a transparent surface? -Is Lidar mapping ...
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1answer
163 views

Joint torque sensor vs end-effector force sensor

I am trying to understand the difference between joint torque sensors, and force sensors, in a robot arm. From what I understand, joint torque sensors estimate the torque at each joint, whereas a ...
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1answer
60 views

Is This A Colour Sensor?

Hi Iam new to robotics and stack exchange and Iam 13 years old,this is a IR sensor, can you tell me that is this thing have a colour sensor on it?
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1answer
59 views

Can drone fly in predefined fixed trajectory without GPS

Is it possible to make a drone to fly in fixed altitude and move in fixed trajectory without GPS. (Drone has to move in fixed path which is already defined). I am saying without GPS because drone has ...
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2answers
73 views

How to handle multi-sensors data? [closed]

I am new to the sensor data fusion world. I want to find room vacancy using ultrasonic, PIR, and sound sensors. These sensors deliver binary information about the occupancy. How can I combine the ...
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2answers
66 views

Drone Mapping Project

I'm mapping my college campus with a drone (as part of an approved science project). I want to film, measure the temperature, and take infrared video at the same time. What drones are good for ...
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2answers
37 views

Sensor complement in Drone

I saw a question posted by @Rocketmagnet (Why do I need a Kalman filter?) about the need for a Kalman filter. In that question, he says he's designing an UAV and lists the following sensors he will ...
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IMU and encoder fusion

I'm trying to simulate data fusion for a 4-wheeled mobile robot using ekf and am using IMU and wheel encoders as sensors,where IMU measures linear acceleration and angular velocity and encoder ...

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