Questions tagged [sensor-fusion]

Sensor fusion is a process by which data from several different sensors are "fused" to compute something more than could be determined by any one sensor alone.

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28
votes
2answers
24k views

How to fuse linear and angular data from sensors?

My team and I are setting up an outdoor robot that has encoders, a commercial-grade IMU, and GPS sensor. The robot has a basic tank drive, so the encoders sufficiently supply ticks from the left and ...
9
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1answer
3k views

How can we use the accelerometer for altitude estimation?

I am currently implementing an autonomous quadcopter which I recently got flying and which was stable, but is unable to correct itself in the presence of significant external disturbances. I assume ...
8
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2answers
11k views

Accelerometer, gyro, and magnetometer sensor fusion in 2d

I have not yet built this so this is basically a theoretical question. I am still wrestling with some C code to manage i2c ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Multiple position estimates fusion

I have a system in which I have two separate subsystems for estimating robot positions. First subsystem is composed of 3 cameras which are used for detecting markers the robot is carrying and which ...
8
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1answer
5k views

Angle Random Walk vs. Rate Noise Density (MPU6050)

I’ve made a datalog from a MPU6050 (IMU: gyroscope and accelerometer) at 500Hz sample rate. Now I want to calculate the characteristics from the gyro to evaluate the sensor. For the gyro I’ve found ...
7
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4answers
995 views

How to localise a underwater robot?

I am building an autonomous underwater robot. It will be used in swimming pools. It should be capable of running in any normal sized pool, not just the pool in which I test. So I cannot rely on a ...
7
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3answers
17k views

Open source implementations for GPS+IMU sensor fusion?

Are there any Open source implementations of GPS+IMU sensor fusion (loosely coupled; i.e. using GPS module output and 9 degree of freedom IMU sensors)? -- kalman filtering based or otherwise. I did ...
7
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2answers
8k views

How to track robot position?

I'm a software researcher, who in my spare time mentors a robotics team, helping on the software side of things. For years, I keep coming back to the same question: How to determine the robots ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

information filter instead of kalman filter approach

I read many sources about kalman filter, yet no about the other approach to filtering, where canonical parametrization instead of moments parametrization is used. What is the difference? Other ...
7
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2answers
509 views

object level sensor fusion for multiobject tracking

I want to fuse objects coming from several sensors, with different (sometimes overlapping!) fields of view. Having object lists, how can I determine whether some objects observed by different sensors ...
6
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2answers
602 views

Need help regarding development of Extended Kalman Filter for sensor-data fusion of odometry and IMU data

I'm trying to develop an Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) for the positioning of a wheeled vehicle. I have a 'Baron' robot frame with 4 static wheels, all driven by a motor. On the 2 rear wheels I have an ...
5
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3answers
14k views

Quadcopter Position Measurement (Accelerometer, GPS or Both)?

I previously thought that an accelerometer on a quadcopter is used to find the position by integrating the data got from it. After I read a lot and watched this Youtube video (specifically at time 23:...
5
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1answer
418 views

Overcorrecting Kalman Filter

I'm trying to get an extended Kalman Filter to work. My System Model is: $ x = \begin{bmatrix} lat \\ long \\ \theta \end{bmatrix}$ where lat and long are latitude and longitude (in degree) and $\...
5
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1answer
676 views

Solution for INS and GPS integration

I have a GPS module and an IMU (gyro, accelerometer and magnetometer) and I need to build an autonomous navigation system for a quadcopter. It must know its position at any time so that it can track a ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Simple Sensor Fusion for pose estimation

I am currently working on a balancing robot project, which features fairly low-cost sensors such as an 9-Dof IMU with the measurement states $\textbf{x}_\text{IMU} = \left[a_x, a_y, a_z, g_x, g_y, ...
5
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1answer
166 views

How do timings affect input, sensor fusion, and output?

I'm programming a quadcopter controller. I've managed to make it fly. But, I'm not sure how to set up the timings schedule for each part of the software. I have several sensors (gyro, accelerometer, ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Can I use IMUs to improve the position/posture measurement of fingers in a “data glove”?

I have been using the Cyberglove to control a humanoid robot hand, but found it disappointing as it doesn't measure the posture of the human hand very accurately. I have been wondering about the ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

quaternion implementation

I am trying to implement quaternions and i am using CC2650 sensortag board from TI. This board has MPU9250 from invensense which has Digital Motion Processor (DMP) in it. This DMP gives quaternion, ...
4
votes
3answers
132 views

Controlling a system with delayed measurements

Assume I have a rather simple system I want to control, but all sensor measurements exhibit considerable time delay, i.e.: $z_t = h(x_{(t-d)}) \neq h(x_t)$ With my limited knowledge about control, ...
4
votes
1answer
678 views

Are there off the shelf solutions for GPS+INS (accelerometer,gyro,magneto) sensor fusion for getting filtered/fused location and speed output?

I am working on a project that needs tracking location and speed of pedestrians/runners/athletes (so not really robotics, but I see a lot of related usage and posts in the robotics domain, and an ...
4
votes
1answer
298 views

Yaw drift when implementing AHRS filter fusion

I am using the Matlab AHRS filter fusion algorithm with an InvenSense ICM-20948 to determine object orientation. I seem to be obtaining reasonable results however I am getting what appears to be ...
4
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0answers
436 views

How does one implement a third order complementary filter for estimating altitude using data from an accelerometer and a barometer?

I am working with the CJMCU build of cleanflight on a small drone. As of now, the algorithm for altitude hold uses a first order complementary filter to combine data from the barometer and the ...
3
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1answer
79 views

Association of multiple measurements to multiple objects

I have a matrix of M measurements and N objects. Each cell contains a cost of assignment a particular measurement to the object. I want to assign them optimally. As the condition, only one measurement ...
3
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1answer
50 views

How to periodically estimate states of a LTI if the output is measured irregularly?

How can I periodically estimate the states of a discrete linear time-invariant system in the form $$\dot{\vec{x}}=\textbf{A}\vec{x}+\textbf{B}\vec{u}$$ $$\vec{y}=\textbf{C}\vec{x}+\textbf{D}\vec{u} $$...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

Implementing ESKF

I'm currently struggling with implementing the Multiplicative Kalman Filter or Error State Kalman Filter as described by Landis Markley in Attitude Error Representations for Kalman Filtering. Sadly ...
2
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1answer
209 views

Robot positioning using IMU quaternion data?

I want to use a MPU9150 to give me the position (XY) and heading (angle) of a wheeled robot. This MPU9150 from invensense has a Digital Motion Processor in it which can give me a quaternion. But how ...
2
votes
2answers
336 views

Is there an advantage to multiple magnetometers for heading computation

I'm building an autonomous sail boat (ripped out the guts of an RC sail boat and replaced with my own mainboard etc.) The controller board I have can accommodate both an MPU9150 and an HMC5883. Is ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

how to calibrate gyroscope using raw gyro data?

I wrote a simple code for where I take 500 samples with stationary gyro and subtract those offset values to get calibrated gyro data. Question: Is this much calibration enough to implement this gyro ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Fusing Multiple Lidars Into 1 Point Cloud

I have a car with 8 lidars, each with a field of view of 60 degrees. My car looks like this How can I merge all the lidar readings into 1 point cloud?
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Calibrating a laser scanner to a line camera

We have a high-resolution Riegl laser scanner and mounted atop it a Resonon Pika L, which is a hyperspectral camera which records one spatial column at a time, using the second dimension of the sensor ...
2
votes
1answer
329 views

P gain tuning for quadcopter (Is my perception for a P-gain too high correct?)

Good day, I am currently working on a project using Complementary filter for Sensor fusion and PID algorithm for motor control. I viewed a lot of videos in youtube as well as consulted various blogs ...
2
votes
1answer
628 views

Overview - what skills are needed for sensor fusion?

I want to make a list of what knowledge is necessary for sensor fusion. Since it has a wide array of possible applications, it is not clear where to begin studying. Can we please verify add topics ...
2
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0answers
50 views

Kalman Filter for 2d pose

I'm really sorry if this is a dumb question, but I don't have a clue on how to do this. I'm trying to write a kalman filter with a State vector of : {x, y, ẋ, ẏ, ẍ, ÿ } To estimate the 2 dimensional ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Is it possible to track position using gyroscope and accelerometer without a magnetometer?

I'm looking for help on a project where I will be placing sensor data in 3D space using augmented reality. Most solutions I have found for finding position with an IMU involve the magnetometer, but ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

How to handle sensor data for a sensor-fusion algorithm

I am implementing the explicit complementary filter(see below) with a 9DOF MEMS sensors (accelerometer, magnetometer and gyroscope) for attitude estimation. Currently, the gyro and accel update rates ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Position-Attitude Kalman filter with Quaternions

I want to design an EKF to estimate the position of a UAV. If I were doing this with Euler angles then I would have a state vector that would look like \begin{bmatrix}north&east&down&...
2
votes
1answer
658 views

Marginalization in Graph SLAM [duplicate]

I have several questions about the process of marginalization in SLAM algorithms: 0 - What are the mathematic intuition behind marginalization process 1 - I know marginalization of states or points ...
2
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0answers
588 views

Correcting GPS track with visual odometry (sensor fusion)

I am trying to build low cost and precise outdoor positioning. I explored NS-RAW with RTKLIB - this would be doable but probably will need either a base station to get the correction data for rover or ...
2
votes
2answers
164 views

Passive ego-motion estimation vs active

I am doing research of ego-motion estimation and positioning in 6DoF space. And I found that apparently all systems are based on active RGB-D sensors, like Kinect. I understand, that such sensors ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Transforming angular velocity?

I have the following system here: http://imgur.com/UTqswOi Basically, I have a range finder which gives me $R_s$ in this 2D model. I also have the model rotate about the Centre of Mass, where I have ...
1
vote
1answer
351 views

Balancing a plate with an IMU offset from the center

I recently bought a IMU . I am new at this. My question: Does the positioning of the IMU matter? Are there any differences between placing it at the center of the plate or if it is offset from the ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Measurement and physics model fusion

I am combining two position measurements of a ball from two sensors in real time to obtain one triangulated position in x,y,z coordinates. As the data exchange of the measurements carries some latency,...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

What communication bus is used in state of the art systems to implement a synchronization signal?

I have a robotic system with many sensors that need to have very accurate localization associated with the data they gather. We have a geolocalization system that acquire localization at high speed (...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

calibrating large scale manipulator

I'm facing the problem of model calibration for a large-scale manipulator (e.g. example image) with a half-spherical workspace of around 40m diameter. The typical approach would be computer vision, ...
1
vote
1answer
978 views

What are the specifications of the digital compass used in iPhone 6S

What are the specifications of the digital compass used in the iPhone 6S? I am trying to measure yaw angle using the magnetometer. I observed the magnetometer/digital compass in the iPhone is really ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Sensor fusion of GNSS and IMU using UKF

I do have a land-based robot with an IMU and a GNSS receiver. From the IMU, I get the velocity and acceleration in both $x$ and $y$ directions. From the GNSS receiver, I get the latitude and ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

How to synchronise data for fusion in Kalman from multiple sensors with different timestamp information?

I'm using Kalman filter to track the position of a vehicle and receive position data from 2 sensors: A GPS sensor and an Ultrasonic sensor for which I want to implement sensor fusion into the Kalman. ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Sensorfusion of odometry, accelerometer and gyroscope using Indirect Kalman Filter

I'm trying to implement an indirect Kalman for pose estimation of a wheeled robot. I found two papers that describe this approach. CMU. Journal (2006) Vol. 5(1) IFAC Conference on Embedded Systems ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Kalman filter to fuse ultrasonic altitude sensor and accelerometer

I'm a little confused on how to set up the Kalman filter matrices to fuse an ultrasonic altitude sensor and accelerometer from IMU. I am trying to implement this for a quadcopter. And what I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Fusing absolute robot localization from markers

I have a system which is composed of a rig of 8 cameras which are used for detecting markers in the environment and which outputs 8 estimates of the absolute robot's position and orientation. Now, I ...