Questions tagged [orientation]

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Finding orientation of object in 3D space

Given the above constellation, I have to find the orientation of object B in the coordinate system of Object C. The objects A and B are fixed to a certain place and the object C can move in freely in ...
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1answer
322 views

Yaw drift when implementing AHRS filter fusion

I am using the Matlab AHRS filter fusion algorithm with an InvenSense ICM-20948 to determine object orientation. I seem to be obtaining reasonable results however I am getting what appears to be ...
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1answer
31 views

How to estimate proper heading angle

I obtain the heading or yaw angle from a source which I am not allowed to modify, but when the angle goes more than +180 or -180, it interchanges either from 180 to -180 or the other way around. Any ...
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1answer
46 views

Forward Kinematics for Two Axis Gimbal Mount

I'm trying to work out the orientation of a block at the end of two axis gimbal. I know the position of the two rotational joints, but would like to calculate the final orientation of the block given ...
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2answers
40 views

What type of rigid body rotation can best be learned by neural networks?

I am training a reinforcement learning network in simulation for a robot which at the current stage learns Euler Angles to rotate the end-effector based on the actual state. The performance is overall ...
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1answer
71 views

Compute orientation velocities 6-DOF robot

I am trying to compute the joint velocities a 6-DOF manipulator(a typical industrial robot). I have an initial position [xi, yi, zi, T1i, T2i, T3i] and goal position [xf, yf, zf, T1f, T2f, T3f] in the ...
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1answer
23 views

Signed difference between two directions

I want to get the difference between the orientation of my robot and a target point. The orientation is expressed as an angle as shown in the pictue below. The point is expressed as ...
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1answer
240 views

Inferring joint orientation on multi-joint arm

Not a robotics question in the strictest sense, I guess, but related closely enough, I hope: I have an arm-like articulated two(-plus-one)-joint appliance that I want to use as a 3D input device. It ...
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2answers
342 views

In SLAM loop closure, What does a sim3 matrix do?

I am confused between 3D rigid affine(with scale, without shear) transformation and Lie group's sim(3) matrix. 3D affine would be [sR|t; 0 1]. we rotate, scale and then translate a 3D point using ...
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37 views

Extract Euler angles from angular velocity profile

I Solved inverse velocity (joint velocity) at velocity level problem. So, I have actual orientation of the manipulator. Now I wanted to get the desired orientation from angular velocity that I used to ...
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Does GY-271 (HMC5583L) or any 3-axis magnetometer suitable to detect orientation?

Based on the datasheet, HMC5583L has 160Hz output rate and produce three axis direction angle data, X, Y, and Z. It can measure diversion from Earth magnet field with 1° to 2° accuracy. Does that ...
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1answer
30 views

Finding quaternion Q, where Y = q * X * q.inv()

Problem Quaternions $X$, $Y$, which represents 3-dimensional points are given. Quaternion $q$ is what is to be solved. I want to know unknown rotation between $X$ and $Y$. In other words, I want to ...
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32 views

Determining Orientation of a Robot Relative to a Line on Table

I am currently busy with a robot that needs to obtain it's orientation relative to a line seen by a camera. At the moment, I am using Hough lines to obtain a gradient for the line, but the gradient ...
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2answers
80 views

How to compute the orientation error between two 3D coordinate frames?

For my master thesis in robotics I have to compute the orientation error between two coordinate frames, called E and H. Their orientation is expressed through rotation matrices (3x3) with respect to a ...
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2answers
67 views

Problem defining rotation matrix

I am studying robotic kinematics , and given the following manipulator with its D-H frames assigned: I have to find the rotation matrix $R_{e}^{2}$, which is the rotation matrix of frame $e$ with ...
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1answer
30 views

Finding orientation angles of end-effector from the DH parameter table and transformation matrices

Let's say we have a manipulator with the following DH parameter table: and transformation matrices: $$A_{01}= \begin{bmatrix} \cos(q_1) & \sin(q_1) & 0 & 95\cos(q_1)\\ \sin(q_1) & -\...
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134 views

Yaw, Pitch, Roll rate concepts and how to calculate them with an IMU

I need help understanding the difference from Y/P/R rate and the data that I can get from a gyroscope. I am using the raw readings of my IMU (MPU9250) and the Madwick Filter to calculate a quaternion ...
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3answers
351 views

Paradox: I can't use accelerometer measurements to obtain information about my states in a quadcopter?

I'm currently developing an EKF to estimate the position and orientation of a quadcopter. My state vector is comprised of 3D position, 3D velocity, 3 euler angles and the angular velocity vector. ...
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2answers
1k views

Inverse kinematic orientation problem

I am trying IK for 5-DOF robot all revolute joint. I am working IK with Jacobian inverse i.e end effector velocity = J inverse * error vector. In error vector I am feeding (x,y,z) positional error; ...
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3answers
347 views

State of a Robot

I saw the expression "robot state" in many articles and resources, but I could not understand what that exactly mean. What does state of a robot exactly refers to ?
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How to get RPY(Roll, Pitch, Yaw) from directional cosines from a single vector?

I'm trying to find the pose of an 3D vector in terms of RPY. Let's say the two end points of the vector is P0(x0, y0, z0) and P1(x1, y1, z1). So the centered vector I get is V(Vx, Vy, Vz) = P1 - P0 = (...
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1answer
32 views

What is an axial and polar vector?

In Robot Kinematics and Dynamics by Herman Bruyninckx, it states: Axial vectors have an inner orientation, i.e., the direction of the vector indicates the positive orientation. For example, a unit ...
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Undo pitching effect of camera when pose (y-axis) is near 90 degrees?

I am using KITTI odometry dataset whereby the camera's axis is pointing X (east), Y (down) and Z (north). It also contain the frame to frame poses of the camera (first pose is fixed as the map frame). ...
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2answers
33 views

Sensor complement in Drone

I saw a question posted by @Rocketmagnet (Why do I need a Kalman filter?) about the need for a Kalman filter. In that question, he says he's designing an UAV and lists the following sensors he will ...
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1answer
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Orientation from magnetometer data

I saw lot of topics with the same title but answers are different. I have a magnetometer in my phone which give me the components of magnetic field in direction of X, Y, Z. If my phone lays on a ...
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2answers
510 views

Inverse kinematics with end effector orientation?

I'm trying to implement an inverse kinematics solver, but this time even with the end effector's orientation. I succeeded with the case when the end effector only requires the position. I learned ...
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1answer
43 views

Fixing robot orientation using AR

I am creating a project where a robot needs to face a control panel and do some specific tasks. Some reference tags will be placed on the panel. I want to use the tags as AR reference and fix my ...
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1answer
264 views

Orientation estimation using gyro and accelerometer when sensor platform has high acceleration

I am trying to estimate the orientation of a sensor platform using gyroscope and accelerometer. I am using a Kalman filter based approach. I integrate the readings ...
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1answer
215 views

Solving Inverse Kinematics with unknown orientation

This may be a very basic question, but I haven't had much success finding an answer. I'm currently trying to solve the inverse kinematics of a 3-RRR Planar kinematic arm, whose purpose is to move ...
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1answer
1k views

Yaw from accelerometer? No! So what do these equations actually mean?

note: I'm just a day or so into the use of inertial measurements and trying to learn everything at once, this may be a noob question (it's my first here). I have seen this image of "Figure 8" in ...
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2answers
1k views

Multicopter: What are Euler angles used for?

I hope you can help me and this is the right forum to ask. In the process of building and programming my own Quadcopter, I encountered the term Euler angles. I took some time to understand them and ...
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0answers
70 views

How unique are Quarternions and what about the sign?

I want to track a robot's orientation in space and wanted to choose quaternions for their many advantages. However I have a few questions that I haven't found to be solved anywhere. The method I use ...
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1answer
755 views

Handling GYROSCOPE BIAS DRIFT

I am working on a MEMS based project which requires me to calculate the orientation(Euler Angles) of an object using only GYROSCOPES. The GYROSCOPE BIAS is calculated in the beginning for 2 seconds ...
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2answers
1k views

Is there a way to measure 3 axis orientation without a magnetometer?

I have bought an STM iNEMO evaluation board in order to monitor the inclination of a separate magnetic sensor array as it moves in a linear scan outside of a (non-magnetic) stainless steel pipe. I ...
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3answers
3k views

Forward kinematic computing the transformation matrix

I am the moment trying to compute the transformation matrix for robot arm, that is made of 2 joints (serial robot arm), with which I am having some issues. L = 3, L1 = L2 = 2, and q = ($q_1$,$q_2$,$...
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1answer
42 views

Orienting rectangular plastic bricks [closed]

As part of a sorting machine, I need to orient a pile of plastic brick-shaped objects (which are all identical in size - about 3cm x 2cm x 1.5cm) so that they always end up with the white side facing ...
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0answers
84 views

Accurate technique to locate position? [closed]

What is the most accurate way to locate the position and orientaion of the body during some motion (rotation and translation)? I need to track the body very precisely, the required accuracy is 100-...
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3answers
279 views

Discontinuity in device orientation

Why is there a discontinuity in the quaternion representation of my device orientation? I'm using a SENtral+PNI RM3100+ST LSM330 to track orientation. I performed the following test: Place the ...
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2answers
1k views

Manipulator end-effector orientation with quaternions

I have the following problem: Given 3 points on a surface, I have to adjust a manipulator end-effector (i.e. pen) on a Baxter Robot, normal to that surface. From the three points I easily get the ...
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3answers
857 views

Sensor orientation of an external magnetometer [closed]

On many drones are already external magnetometers. Unfortunately, the orientation of such sensors is sometimes unknown. E.g. the sensor can be tilted 180° (pitch/roll) or X° in yaw. I was wondering, ...