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Questions tagged [navigation]

Navigation is a field of study that focuses on the process of monitoring and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another. Robot navigation includes exploration, mapping, localization, path planning and path execution

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Library for GPS

Is there any difference between "tinyGPS++.h","tinyGPS.h", and "Adafruit_GPS.h"? Can I use the same code to extract the current GPS location for all these libraries?
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Autonomous Navigation Bot

I'm trying to build an Autonomous parcel delivering rover using GPS.So after giving destination coordinates, I don't know how to make the robot understand to which direction it should move. Basically, ...
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2answers
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Sensor complement in Drone

I saw a question posted by @Rocketmagnet (Why do I need a Kalman filter?) about the need for a Kalman filter. In that question, he says he's designing an UAV and lists the following sensors he will ...
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1answer
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3D Direction Sensor - Question from a Neuroscientist

I'm posting here on the advice of r/diydrones, who said you're the people to ask. I'm hoping you might be able to help out with a problem i've come across in my research? I'm a Neuroscientist working ...
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21 views

Accuracy of the NEO-6M GPS module

For an autonomous bot, I wanted to use a NEO-6M GPS module with an Arduino. How much accuracy can I expect from this specific GPS module?
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1answer
22 views

Omni vs mecanum wheels for drawing robot

I'm designing a mobile robot which will have to draw some lines (straight and/or curly) on the floor while it moves. The floor will always be flat with almost no obstacles. The robot will have four ...
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1answer
23 views

Obstacle width measurement

On non-lidar equipped rovers, how is the width of an obstacle detected such that it can be avoided? If the ultrasonic sensors are used for obstacle detection, these sensors usually don't give data ...
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1answer
43 views

How to accurately navigate from one GPS coordinate to another using just GPS & IMU? [duplicate]

I'm looking for ways to accurately navigate from one GPS location to another. I have a GPS sensor and an IMU. I can calculate the distance with the help of GPS I believe and with the help of ...
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39 views

How to get starting location of robot using IMU Sensor (without using gps)

i have one robot, i have to get the initial location of that robot. then when we move the robot from that location, and when we give the command like "HOME" then it should go that initial location. ...
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1answer
46 views

Difference between Collision Cone and Velocity Obstacle

I'm trying to understand these two classic approaches to path planning in dynamic environments/with moving obstacles. According to some review papers, there seems to be quite a difference between them,...
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1answer
29 views

how to find space in point cloud larger than given l*b

Is their any method by using which I can find a space or gap in given point cloud which has size greater than given rectangle of size $l*b$ or a circle of radius $r$? This way my robot can make a path ...
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2answers
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Indoor GPS 3D for navigation

I'm looking Indoor GPS system for agriculture tasks in a greenhouse. I want to make an autonomous robot who can navigate by "GPS", I want the system to be 3D (x,y,z) and allowing the I can use robotic ...
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2answers
188 views

Mobile robot navigation without static map

I am working on an autonomous mobile robot based on ROS. All the tutorials and examples requires a static map which need to be generated in order to do the localization and mapping. Do i need to ...
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Position-Attitude Kalman filter with Quaternions

I want to design an EKF to estimate the position of a UAV. If I were doing this with Euler angles then I would have a state vector that would look like \begin{bmatrix}north&east&down&...
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1answer
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SVO edgelet computation

One of the nice contributions of SVO is that it has proposed a way to use 2d edge features in pose optimization by point-to-line constraint. But in the actual code, I could not find where it is ...
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1answer
49 views

Calculating covariance of parameter estimation from Hessian

I need a covariance of parameter estimation for reliability estimation. According to the this post, I know the approximation of the Hessian can be calculated as $$ \sigma^2 H^{-1} = C $$ where H is ...
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2answers
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Delayed Kalman navigation based on two way ranges

I am interested to know the basic principle of the "Delayed KF" when considering an underwater robot aiming to localize it self using a LBL system. More practically, in order to calculate the ...
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1answer
56 views

What is an “actuation state”

The paper A Feedforward Control Approach to the Local Navigation Problem for Autonomous Vehicles by Alonzo Kelly uses the term actuation space. Feedforward solves the historically significant ...
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Autonomous vessel general design

I have been asking a couple of questions here and around on autonomous boats and finally I decided to post the design and gather some feedback. The idea is to build a small vessel capable of advanced ...
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24 views

Robotic vessel navigation using GIS datasets

I am trying to build an autonomous vessel able to plan the best route to a certain waypoint or to follow a pre-defined route. Currently, I have imported Esri GIS files containing elevation data (...
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2answers
230 views

Holonomics Movement vs Holonomics Constraint

I'm reading Mechanics of Robotic Manipulation by Matthew T Mason and I stumbled upon the concept of kinematic constraints. The book mentioned about two types of constraints: holonomic and nonholonomic ...
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543 views

Controlling Pepper using ROS

I am trying to implement FastSLAM 1.0 and I am using sensory and control data acquired from Pepper via ROS to evaluate my implementation. However I am having major issues when I try and control Pepper'...
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2answers
700 views

How to move a robot to a point while avoiding obstacles?

I am trying to move a robot in a straight line from point A, to point B. The robot's primary sensor is a Hokuyo URG-04LX-UG01 LIDAR that gives me the magnitude and direction of each point it detects ...
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1answer
47 views

How to efficiently update a local Cartesian frame when traveling over long distances on a curved earth

I have a mobile robot which receives GPS position (lat/lon) and has an IMU for handling gaps in GPS service. I want to be able to conduct short distance planning in a Cartesian plane, but the robot ...
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584 views

Is there an open source autonomous vehicle simulator with control over traffic? [closed]

As a part of my research work I'm supposed to build or use an existing autonomous vehicle simulator, in which I can also control the behaviour of the traffic in the system, I was searching on Google ...
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1answer
143 views

What is the intuitive explanation of using Jacobian of observation model while calculating Kalman gain in EKF SLAM?

The idea of using Kalman gain in EKF SLAM is to figure out how much we trust our motion model and sensor/observation model. As explained in The Extended Kalman Filter: An Interactive Tutorial for Non-...
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310 views

Are there any open source path planning libraries that implement Voronoi diagram techniques?

I've been looking into path planning for a non-holonomic robot with 3 DOF in a 2D plane and recently learned about Voronoi diagrams but I cannot find any open source planning libraries that use this ...
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2answers
129 views

How quickly can a driverless vehicle generate control commands?

Can anyone give me a typical frequency that a driverless vehicle could generate steering and motor thrust commands? I am trying to model a driverless vehicle in MatLab. Right now the vehicle is ...
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1answer
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SLAM: Why use two cameras (stereo) if SLAM can be done using single camera (monocular)?

I am aware that algorithm for monocular SLAM is complex compared to stereo SLAM. But my question is if by any means it is possible to do SLAM using one camera why one should use two cameras to do the ...
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1answer
214 views

Autonomous boat obstacle avoidance

I am currently considering joining the MicroTransat challenge and develop an autonomous boat able to survive the harsh Ocean environment. However, as for security and to ensure the boat doesn't sink ...
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0answers
1k views

Advise on ROS move_base costmap footprint not connected error

I'm using ROS indigo in my project and all the nodes and visualisation (Rviz) seems to be functional when I launch the program using roslaunch. Here are the sensors used in the scooter: Hokuyo Lidar ...
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1answer
132 views

How can we solve the problem of robot size in sensor based motion planning?

As you know in Bug algorithm there is a simplifying assumption that says the robot has no size and can fit between any arbitrarily small gap in the map. How can we overcome the challenge of robot size....
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1answer
2k views

Implementing pure pursuit problem in robot navigation? [closed]

I would like to implement pure pursuit waypoints navigation. we know that, look ahead distance=look ahead gain*vehicle forward velocity How can I calculate look ahead velocity gain/look ahead gain? ...
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1answer
55 views

Is it possible to detect road surface or navigation area using LRF data or other laser data in a Park?

I would like to detect road surface in a park. In the park, only small grass are covered with the both side of the road. That means there is road and the both side of the road are covered by small ...
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2answers
460 views

Differential GPS or Simple GPS for Robot navigation and odometry?

I am building a rover which can navigate autonomously. I do not want to use wheel encoders for generating robot odometry since it causes drifts due to slippage etc. I want to use GPS for generating ...
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1answer
44 views

Testbed for testing navigation algorithms

I'm looking for a testbed (simulator or web-based interface that lets me to have control on a robot) for testing different routing and navigation algorithms. Is there such a system on the web?
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1answer
654 views

Designing Ackerman's Steering Principle for an autonomous robot [closed]

I am working on a high speed autonomous robot (about 6-7 m/s), which does obstacle detection as well as senses traffic lights (I have used Raspberry Pi 3 and Arduino Uno). For the steering ...
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2answers
691 views

Mobile robot path following using Model Predictive Control (MPC)

I'am trying to implement a path following algorithm based on MPC (Model Predictive Control), found in this paper : Path Following Mobile Robot in the Presence of Velocity Constraints Principle: ...
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1answer
212 views

If I must fly my drone in bad weather, how can I maintain control of it in strong winds?

If I need to fly a drone in strong winds, how can I stabilize it? Should I use accelerometers and gyroscopes to keep it steady? Or should I just use some flight technique under such circumstances?
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2answers
266 views

Having a hard time understanding this equation in monocular EKF SLAM

Reading this paper on visual odometry, where they have used a bearing vector to parameterize the features. I am having a hard time understanding what the state propagation equation for the bearing ...
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1answer
1k views

Understanding Drift in Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM)

I am trying to understand the effect of drift in Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM). My understanding is that drift occurs because the robot tracks its position relative to a set of ...
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1answer
59 views

Papers on Algorithms in Robotics [closed]

I'm a CS student and I need to give a 30-minute lecture about 1-2 papers describing 1-2 algorithms for any of the main problems in Robotics (navigation, coverage, patrolling, etc.). I have no ...
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1answer
1k views

How to align solidworks global origin with assembly origin while exporting in solidworks to urdf

I have created a robot model in solidworks and exported in solidworks to urdf plug-in. When exporting the co-ordinates of the model is misaligned which is causing problem while using in ROS. As you ...
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0answers
584 views

Gazebo laser plug-in fails to publish scan results

I have added hokuyo laser plug-in to mu urdf file. I successfully launched the robot in gazebo and done required changes to visualize it in rviz. I didn't get any error but the laser scan results are ...
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1answer
656 views

Tf frame origin is offset from the actual base_link

I have built my differential drive mobile robot in solidworks and converted that to URDF file using soliworks2urdf converter. I successfully launched and robot and simulated with tele-operation node. ...
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2answers
302 views

Path following with precise positioning system (RTK) [closed]

Is there any general problem in using precise positioning (centimeter-accurate GNSS RTK system meant) for autonomous car guidance given I have a predefined path the car should follow? I mean, ...
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0answers
74 views

Accurate technique to locate position? [closed]

What is the most accurate way to locate the position and orientaion of the body during some motion (rotation and translation)? I need to track the body very precisely, the required accuracy is 100-...
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2answers
99 views

Create 2: Wheel interface board replacement

http://www.irobotweb.com/~/media/MainSite/PDFs/About/STEM/Create/Create_2_Wheel_Hack.pdf?la=en Scroll to page 3. I'm trying to interface the Roomba's preloaded navigation system with a pair of ...
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2answers
173 views

Weird magnetometer values

I bought a 3-axis magnetometer (Similar to this one ) And plugged into an Arduino in order to read the heading value. I mounted it on my robot and I drove with the robot for around 30 meters, turned ...
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1answer
355 views

Calculate robot heading to follow wall and avoid obstacles

I have a task that involves implementing robot behaviour that will follow wall and avoid obstacles along it's path. The robot must stay at desired distance from the wall but also stick to it so it ...