Questions tagged [motor]

Without qualification 'motor' is usually taken to mean a rotary electromechanical motor, typically either a brushed or brushless design.

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Can you increase resolution/accuracy by mechanically averaging two actuators?

I'm working on a project using hobby servos to drive a revolute joint, and the servo mechanism doesn't seem to respond when I command a motion of less than about 1 degree. I want to increase the ...
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Impact of using PID Output as a Change (Delta) vs Absolute

I am trying to control speed of a motor using PID. It seems like I have two approaches. Using PID to calculate the absolute duty cycle value of the PWM Using PID to calculate the change needed in the ...
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How to decide the drag constant of motors?

Hi I'm current working on building an AUV, and I'm calculating the allocation matrix for my dynamic system. But I don't know how to model the drag momentum of motors. I know in UAV, they model it by ...
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What kind of motors do industrial robot have?

What kind of motors do industrial robots use and how do you control them?
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Sample code for L298N H bridge Arduino Motor Driver not working

I am quite new to robotics, arduinos, motors and that sort of thing so there is a very strong chance I am missing something very obvious. However, I have looked up multiple tutorials online, none ...
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Q: Motor sizing for reeling application

I would like to ask for some help. My application is regulation of vertical speed of the camera, which is mounted on winding/unwinding reel. The camera follows the object (which moves vertically). The ...
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Will using a 1:50 cycloidal drive on a 10,000 RPM brushless motor actually spin the output shaft at 200 RPM with 50x the torque of the motor?

In short, I'm trying to build a high-torque and high-RPM robotic arm, and I think brushless motors are the best compromise. The motors I'm considering are 400KV, and are supposed to run on 6S. Are ...
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Precision/Repeatability issue with XArm6

I have a robotic setup with a XArm6 robot and camera facing up with vision algorithms. I noticed that after a collision or power glitch the robot gets offset. X, Y and Z and angle change according to ...
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From speed vector to motor control

I'm working with Mona robot (image bellow). The movement is controlled by settings the speed of each wheel. I'm trying to find a way to convert a speed vector into motor control so that the robot will ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How to avoid oscillations caused by backlash in position control?

I am working with a ball screw mechanism driven by a brushless dc motor with an encoder mounted on the load side. We are using a PID position controller with tuning settings by optimization however ...
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The Optimal Reduction Ratio

Hello everybody. For my robot design, I would like to utilize the most optimal gear ratio that I can use. For that I want to utilize the torque of my motor which is a linear function of rpm. This task ...
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Calculating motor Torque and rpm Requirements for Swerve Drive

Swerve drive is an independent steering type of drive system for mobile robots. To illustrate this better, A mobile robot uses 4 motors to drive 4 wheels, so 1 motor/wheel. However, a swerve drive ...
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Efficient control for BLDC 3-phase motor with BEMF using Arduino (Atmega328pb)

Working on developing efficient code for driving a BLDC 3-phase motor with BEMF feedback using Atmega328pb, The code is based (as a starting point) on this tutorial: Link The basic understanding is to ...
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4-Wheeled Mobile Robot, Motor-Torque, RPM Calculation

I want the torque, rpm of every motor to be used considering certain factors, in a 4 wheeled robot as you see in the picture below. Here are the factors affecting motor specifications that I Had ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How to calculate holding and operating torque at the base?

Could anyone please help me with the formula to calculate the operating torque and holding torque at the base to rotate the structure on top of it as shown in image with white arrows? Thank you in ...
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Outer Position Loop to Control Inner Velocity Loop

I'm trying to control the position of a brushless DC gearmotor. To drive the motor, I have a controller box that provides a velocity that is proportional to a 0 to 5 V input. The motor has it's own ...
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Quasi Direct Drive Actuator - Slot & Pole Combinations for High Torque Motor

I am building my own Quasi Direct Drive actuator and looking for information/ design guidelines for building a High Torque Motor similar to the MIT Mini Cheetah below. Specifically I cannot seem to ...
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How to measure an optical encoder resolution and gear ratio?

I've bought a DC geared motor with an optical encoder. The vendor didn't provide specification. I can read MITSUMI M25N-2R-14 2241 and 25GA-370-12V-330RPM on the motor. There are some pages on the ...
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Required motor torque for a small boat

What: We are building a small boat made of a special paper foam soaked in glue and epoxy. It is aproximinatley 40 cm long and 15 cm wide. Very light. We aim to transport a single can of beer at the ...
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How to drive a motor by Python

I need to drive any small motor (with small delay) by Python without low level programming. What hardware and software I need? Does "Robot Mesh Studio" fit for this? I want to make a robotic ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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DC motor modelling with Bond Graph

I am trying to construct an equation that describes the output torque as a function of lambda and omega I have obtained the following bond graph but I am unsure of how to proceed.
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Connect LiPo battery to Arduino Motor Driver Shield for RC Boat

Thanks for taking the time reading this question! It is greatly appreciated. What are we doing We (two complete noobs) are building a remote controlled boat from scratch using Arduino compatible ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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How to attach plate to stepper motor?

Total noob here (never touched Arduino before today), & have pretty much no hands-on technical experience (although with lack of experience, I make up in enthusiasm to learn!) Question: How do you ...
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Equations of motion in matrix form and energy consumption

I am working on Lagrangian derived high-dimensional motion equations for a robot in matrix form. The structure of such an equation is known: $M(q)\ddot{q}+C(q,\dot{q})\dot{q}+G(q)=0$ In here, $M(q)$, $...
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I need to make something that can slam something into something else really fast in both directions

I'm fairly new to robotics, but I have this idea for a machine. I've done a bit of research but can't find exactly what I'm looking for. I need something that can either move back and forth at at ...
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Why use timing belt drives in Stepper Driven Robotic Arm

This may be a noob question. I am sorry if it is but I am new to this field. I am working on a design of SCARA Robot and I am using Stepper Motors to drive it. In many youtube videos, I have seen that ...
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Find viscous friction for DC motor transfer function

How do I find the viscous friction for my DC motor without measuring the input current and output torque. I have to do a theoretical model on simulink and can't find any answers on how to find it
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gear motor with encoder and Arduino Uno

I'm working on a project where using a gear motor with an encoder and an Arduino Uno. I have not done Arduino in a long time and am struggling getting it to do what I want. If you look at the wiring ...
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Why Hydraulics and Not Motors?

I have noticed everywhere that professional robotics companies use hydraulics over electric motors. I want to know why that is. Why can they make custom electric motors that are really powerful. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
410 views

Torque required to rotate arm with mass at end

I have to calculate the required torque to rotate a point mass of 15N on the end of an 1.2m long arm which I have calculated to be 10kg in mass. The rotation must have a constant angular velocity of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What network protocol/control units are motor-based robots controlled with?

I know most vehicles are controlled via CAN (Controlled Area Network) protocol through an ECU (Electronic Control Unit) which send/receives data using this protocol and then sends/receives Amps/Volts ...
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What type of electric motor and speed-controlled circuit do I use to bounce a hanging, 5 pound weight? (it's for a Halloween decoration)

I'm trying to make a roughly 5 pound, hanging halloween decoration bounce on a string from about 1-3 times per second, preferably at variable speeds if I can. I've looked up a simple DC motor circuit ...
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1 vote
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Smart Servo Motor Type Comparison

I have been using the standard MG90/SG90 servo motors for years now and am familiar with them. Recently, I am trying to build a robot dog with them with no success. The motors keep on vibrating and ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Voltage not registering when motor is connected?

I'm trying to fix my kid's power wheel. When you press the gas pedal, nothing happens. I took it apart and checked everything. I noticed that when I disconnect the wires from the motor and check them ...
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0 votes
2 answers
251 views

PID controller for motor speed control and distance control

I am building a robot rover comprised of dual DC motors each with hall sensors to obtain rotaional speed. I currently have a PID controller for each DC motor that is able to control the speed of the ...
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Make servo's shaft longer [closed]

I’ve got a few servo motors MG995, MG996R, etc. For my make I need a servo to have a longer shaft – 6cm or so. I cannot find a way to achieve it. There is lots of Shaft Coupler for steppers and DC ...
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Quadrotor dynamics: How is torque created

I'm a software engineer and I've recently engaged into Robotics field. I've started by a course on Coursera which talks about Aerial robotics and thus quad-rotors. I'm trying to understand how quad-...
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Why isn’t my shaft moving? [duplicate]

When I put my shaft through the vehicle body (small robot) and have the motor attached to it through two rotating gears, the shaft isn’t rotating? I think it’s due to how the hole diameter is the same ...
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How can I improve DC Motors rise time?

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2 votes
1 answer
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Can I measure torque from this motor by only measuring the current?

I am new to robotics, please forgive/correct any errors. My Project Plan I want to use a PID controlled motor in a human-interface device where I need to measure the user's exerted force on an end ...
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Is it uncommon to use a gearbox with a brushless motor?

I've spent far too long this evening researching whether it's possible to clone a Starship; for my own amusement and/or to terrorise the neighbourhood. A Starship delivery robot, that is, not the ...
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No electric motors can handle being stalled for even short periods of time, even at low power. Is this statement true in all cases?

We were using a regular POLOLU d.c motor whose stall current is 0.36A. We want to use this motor in a robotic hand where the motor will be stalled while holding the object. We are limiting the current ...
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1 answer
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How to compensate for back drive caused by gravity

I have a 24v DC motor with a planetary gear box, Hbridge, and encoder feedback that drives an arduino robot similar to a winch that moves a weight by spooling a strap up and down. The problem I am ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Motor driver damage and jerking behavior when load driving in same direction as motor

I'm having trouble with a gear motor being powered by a power supply, while it is being driven by the load in the same direction as the driver wants to drive it. Here is a simple diagram: The gear ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Choosing the right dc motor

I'm trying to find the optimal components list for a radio controlled lawn mover i'm trying to build. The blades will be rotated by a 140 cc engine. I choose this engine because it's already mine. ...
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Where to buy cheap motors and mechanical parts for hobby robotics applications? [closed]

My kids want to get into robotics, where Online can I buy the motors (dc,ac,stepper...) and mechanical assembly (nuts, bolts, sheet metal, springs, rods...) for a very affordable price, you know I ...
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How to pick the right motor driver?

I have this brushed DC motor (Vex 775pro: https://motors.vex.com/vexpro-motors/775pro; motor curve data here I assume is useful but I do not exactly know how to make sense of it) My question is, how ...
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Is it OK to apply too many volts to Actobotics HD motors?

Is it ok to apply too many volts to Actobotics motors? Too many as in 14.8V. Each motor requires 12V. Would it damage the motors in any way? and if so, in what way?
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Determining required torque for DC motor

How to determine the required torque while choosing a DC motor? Here is a simple scenario. Think of a 4WD or 2WD vehicle. The max load the vehicle will have is 100kg. Q1. How do I determine the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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BLDC Stuttering when attached to Arduino Nano

I am working on building a quadcopter with an Arduino nano. I am currently only working with 2 motors. However, I am experiencing an odd issue. When I try to run my motors, one of them runs fine, ...
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