# Questions tagged [mobile-robot]

A robot which is capable of moving from one place to another, usually of its own volition.

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### What is a suitable model for two-wheeled robots?

What is a suitable model for two-wheeled robots? That is, what equations of motion describe the dynamics of a two-wheeled robot. Model of varying fidelity are welcome. This includes non-linear models,...
16k views

### Calculate position of differential drive robot

How do you calculate or update the position of a differential drive robot with incremental sensors? There is one incremental sensor attatched to each of the two differential wheels. Both sensors ...
60k views

### Which type of actuator will be suitable for a very strong robot arm?

I wish to build a robotic arm that can lift a useful amount of weight (such as 3-6 kg on an arm that can extend to approx 1.25 meters). What actuators are available to accomplish this? The main ...
27k views

### What algorithm should I implement to program a room cleaning robot?

For this question assume that the following things are unknown: The size and shape of the room The location of the robot The presence of any obstacles Also assume that the following things are ...
8k views

### How to program a three wheel Omni?

I have created a three wheeled omni robot like the diagram below. Now I am unsure of how to program it. I want to use a single joystick so one x and one y value. The values for x and y are between -1 ...
2k views

### SLAM without landmarks?

First, is it possible to build map without landmarks for a robot in 2D? Let's say we have an aisle surrounded by two walls. The robot moves in this environment. Now is it feasible to build such a ...
2k views

### Navigating through a Maze using path-planning (Dijkstra)

I'm working on an robot that would be able to navigate through a maze, avoid obstacles and identify some of the objects in it. I have a monochromatic bitmap of the maze, that is supposed to be used in ...
2k views

### What is the maximum payload weight for create 2/can I use old create accessories with the Create 2?

I'm attempting to build a heavy platform on the Create 2 but am worried about weight on the platform. What is the maximum weight for the platform and is there an optimum? I have an old create and ...
202 views

### Angle to a circle tangent line

I want to simulate the detection of a moving object by a unicycle type robot. The robot is modelled with position (x,y) and direction theta as the three states. The obstacle is represented as a circle ...
2k views

I'm currently building a robot with four legs (quadruped), 3 DOF (Degrees of Freedom) and Its been suggested here that I use a simulator to do the learning on a computer and then upload the algorithms ...
12k views

### What is the difference between path planning and motion planning?

What are the main differences between motion planning and path planning? Imagine that the objective of the algorithm is to find a path between the humanoid soccer playing robot and the ball which ...
21k views

### Wheels vs Continuous Tracks (Tank Treads)

I'm building a small robot using some cheap Vex Robotics tank treads. However, my choice of picking tank treads is almost purely based on the fact that they seem like more fun than wheels. I don't ...
1k views

### Velocity Model Motion in Matlab (Probabilistic Robotics)

I want to implement the velocity motion model in Matlab. According to Probabilistic Robotics page 124, the model is as following \begin{align*} \hat{v} &= v + sample(\alpha_{1} v^{2} + \...
868 views

### Are power and torque required related in some way?

I am designing a new platform for outdoor robotics and I need to calculate the power and/or torque that is needed to move the platform. I have calculated that I need about 720 W of total power to move ...
2k views

### Instantaneous Center of Rotation for a differential Drive Robot

I want to find the instantaneous center of rotation of a differential drive robot. Assuming I know that the robot will travel with a particular linear and angular velocity $(v,w)$ I can use the ...
1k views

### Finding Center of Mass for Humanoid Robot

I've been working on Humanoid Robot, and I face the problem of finding the Center of Mass of the Robot which will help in balancing the biped. Although COM has a very simple definition, I'm unable to ...
262 views

### Where to start for the software side of Robotics? [closed]

I am a Computer Science student entering my last year of college. I'm pretty sure Robotics is what I want to eventually be doing based on my interests in AI and embedded systems. I've seen a lot of ...
245 views

### Neuromorphic Engineering and Robotics

I have been into a boggling paper research on neuromorphic engineering and its implications on robotics applications, lately. It is relatively a less applied field and full of academic papers and ...
1k views

### What is the technical name when robot wheels are aligned to perform spot turn?

I have a robotic simulator that enables a 6 wheel rover to perform spot turn. To prepare the rover to spot turn, I have to arrange/align the wheels in such a fashion: ...
870 views

### Robot arm reachability of a pose in Cartesian space

Given a set of robot joint angles (i.e. 7DoF) $\textbf{q} = [q_1, ... , q_n]$ one can calculate the resulting end-effector pose (denoted as $\textbf{x}_\text{EEF}$), using the foward kinematic map. ...
425 views

### Wheel odometry simulation using ground truth

I'm tracking the state of a robot $X=(x,y,\theta)$ where $x$ and $y$ are the ground coordinates and $\theta$ the heading angle. I have the ground truth states $X_{gt}=(x_{gt},y_{gt},\theta_{gt})$. I ...
2k views

### Tf frame origin is offset from the actual base_link

I have built my differential drive mobile robot in solidworks and converted that to URDF file using soliworks2urdf converter. I successfully launched and robot and simulated with tele-operation node. ...
501 views

### How to make a directed graph?

I'm working on an robot that would be able to navigate through a maze, avoid obstacles and identify some of the objects in it. I have a monochromatic bitmap of the maze, that is supposed to be used in ...
469 views

### Localising a robot placed at an unknown position in a known environment

I am a third-year electrical engineering student and am working on an intelligent autonomous robot in my summer vacations. The robot I am trying to make is supposed to be used in rescue operations. ...
1k views

### Help sending serial command to Roomba

I have a Raspberry Pi hooked up to a Roomba 560's serial port. While going over the spec, I noticed movement controls weren't as simple as I expected. I can't send bytes larger than 255, but, ...
670 views

### Converting a 2D array of bits to a connectivity map (Code Debugging)

I'm working on an robot that would be able to navigate through a maze, avoid obstacles and identify some of the objects (Boxes in which it has to pot the balls) in it. I have a monochromatic bitmap ...
35 views

### Formulas for calculating the passive joints angular velocities

We have the following parallel robot architecture: Positions of the vectors $u_i, v_i, w_i$, the angles $\theta_i$, angular velocity $\dot{\theta_i}$ and the Jacobian $J$, that mapping vector of ...
159 views

### Matrix is singular error in GraphSLAM

I have gone through The GraphSLAM Algorithm with Applications to Large-Scale Mapping of Urban Structures. I implemented the code for GraphSLAM. The fundamental formula of GraphSLAM is \mu = \Omega^...
606 views

### How to implement a 4 Mecanum wheel Robot kinematic model Practically in code?

Above is the Kinematic model of a 4 wheeled from https://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/465/InTechOmnidirectional_mobile_robot_design_and_implementation.pdf, My question is how to use these kinematic ...
100 views

### SLAM Scan Matching. Scan vs previous-scan OR scan vs previous-map?

When using Scan Matching ICP for FastSLAM, which is the proper way to use it? Between the current scan and the previous one, or between the current scan and the stored map? Can both be used? If so, ...
528 views

### Object Grasping Robot Arm Control [closed]

I have a 2 DOF Robot Arm with a camera attached to it. It takes an Image and there's an object in that image, say a glass. Of course, in order to move the arm to the required position to grasp the ...
1k views

### Is it better to have weight distributed over the wheels or the center of the robot?

When designing a standard 4 or 6 wheel robot, is it better to have the weight distributed primarily in the center of the robot, or over the wheels, or is there no difference? Specifically, which ...
4k views

### Differences between Ackermann steering and standard bi/tricycles concerning kinematics?

I got the following homework question: What are the general differences between robots with Ackermann steering and standard bicycles or tricycles concerning the kinematics? But, I don't see what ...
588 views

### Effectiveness of a Mobile Robot In Relation To Mass

Do mobile and/or autonomous robots become more or less effective the bigger they get? For example, a bigger robot has bigger batteries, and thus bigger motors, whereas a smaller robot has the exact ...
707 views

### What is an effective distribution of grayscale sensors on robot

I'm working on a robotics project, and I am using grayscale sensors to automatically follow a black line: turning 90 degrees, going round in a circle, and passing through gaps in the lines etc. I was ...
198 views

### How to avoid matrix singularity in GraphSLAM

I am trying to implement GraphSLAM from Sebastian Thrun's paper, The GraphSLAM Algorithm with Applications to Large-Scale Mapping of Urban Structures. When I compute the inverse of my information ...
1k views

I'm interested in getting a Create for a project I'll be working on, and wanted some information about it from somebody that already has one: How much weight can it safely carry? I talked with Irobot'...
161 views

### SEIF ,online version of Graph slam create doubt in Motion Update state

I have a thesis work about Graph Slam The GraphSLAM Algorithm with Applications to Large-Scale Mapping of Urban Structures I try to implement it with the help of this paper but during the ...
647 views

### Is a Raspberry Pi processor powerful enough for a mobile chatbot?

In general, is a Raspberry Pi processor powerful enough for a mobile chatbot? I want to make a small mobile robot that is like a chatbot. Is a Raspberry Pi processor powerful enough for any type of AI ...
389 views

### Motion planning and robot controlling

I am stuck with understanding how can I make my robot move along planned path. For instance, if we have a grid map of an environment and applied, for example, A* to plan a path then after that we have ...
296 views

### Angular velocities and rotation matrices

Let us assume I have an object O with axis $x_{O}$, $y_{O}$, $z_{O}$, with different orientation from the global frame S with $x_{S}$, $y_{S}$, $z_{S}$ (I don't care about the position). Now I know ...
162 views

### EKF localization data association

I am working with ROS indigo and clearpath huskyA200 and wanted to implement the EKF localization with unknown correspondences with my own hokuyo lidar data for a school project. Giving the algorithm ...
2k views

### How can I calculate Center of mass for each link of Robot?

I want to calculate 'r' I know , and the Position of(X, Z) But I don't know how to apply it in this robot.
225 views

### Graph Slam Landmark remove and then again add it

I try to implement Graph Slam in real dataset. My data set have some data that describe that the Robot observe same landmark over and over with a large amount of time difference. Prof. Sebastian ...
214 views

### iRobot Create 2 Flash CRC message

In testing my iRobot Create 2, I discovered that the following message is being sent periodically over the serial interface: " Flash CRC successful: 0x0 (0x0)". Is this expected behavior or am I ...
238 views

### smoothing the robot poses inbetween two known poses

I have a set of N robot poses between point A and B. I use a global localization technique to estimate poses at point A and B. As a result, I have a new corrected pose B'. Please see the figure below. ...