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Questions tagged [line-following]

A line-following robot is typically a wheeled robot with light sensor(s) beneath it. The goal of the robot is to follow along a line with a distinct color or intensity, e.g. black on white background.

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Detecting and counting the number of junctions

So I am making a robot which is to follow a line. The field has both +(junctions) as well(by the intersection of two lights). I am yet to figure out what exactly is the best way to track the number of ...
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PID vs Fuzzy line follower

I am making a line follower to follow a white line (approx 1.7 cmm wide) on a black track. I am using an array of 5 TCRT5000 (IR led+phototransistor) to detect the line. I was previously working with ...
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1answer
284 views

Calculating error on line following robot (PID)

I am kind of new to control systems and I am currently making a line follower using PID loop. I am using 6 IR LED Photo-transistor pairs to detect the line but I am not sure how to calculate the error....
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1answer
111 views

How to use PID control for line following robot?

It's me the greatest noob again.thank you very much for your last help guys.Now,this time I am with a line following robot.I want to use PID control in it.But I'm not getting any perfect resource from ...
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3answers
161 views

What is the best way to turn in 2WD simple differential drive line following robot?

I've used 4 sensors & a standard smart robot chassis kit with geared motors & L298 motor driver. What is the difference between turning in: One wheel stopped, one wheel moves. Both wheels ...
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3answers
319 views

Line-following robot with a 5th wheel

Both of these 4 wheel drive line following robots have a fifth wheel in the rear. My first thought is, that it is used as a braking mechanism. Would that be the case? If so, could someone explain - ...
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272 views

Implementation of the pure pursuit algorithm

I am trying to implement the pure pursuit tracking algorithm but i dont know if my code is right because i am getting strange values for the distance to the track point. I think i am doing a stupid ...
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1answer
84 views

Do I need to use separate function in PID algorithm to make the bot go LEFT or RIGHT?

Do I need to use separate function in PID algorithm to make the bot go LEFT or RIGHT? ...
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1answer
311 views

Tuning Line follower PID constants with Q-learning

I am currently working on a line follower buggy and have managed to tune the PID constants​ manually. The buggy follows the line at a moderate speed. I will now like to take things further and learn ...
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147 views

issues with LSA-08 line sensor for line tracing

I am using LSA-08 self calibrating sensor for line following purpose. But the problem with my sensor is it can't distinguish between faint blue color and white color (having RGB values 185, 217, 235). ...
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2answers
772 views

Line follower robot with 2 or 4 motors?

I am developing a line follower robot and I am not sure about how many motors should I use: two or four. I'm thinking of using four, but I do not know if it's worth it (it will let the car be heavier, ...
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1answer
71 views

Could anyone complete my challenge? [closed]

Earlier while writing by hand, I was wondering if anyone could build a pen holder, that could write for me? Maybe you could make some good business from them. Thanks for your time.
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1answer
1k views

Tuning PID controller for sharp turns in line follower robot

I'm working on a TWDD line-following robot using qtr-8a reflectance sensor array. The sensors are connected to BeagleBone Black, and BBB is sending the speed serially to an arduino Due. My approach is ...
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2answers
348 views

Line follower for coloured lines

I am building a line-following robot with a Raspberry Pi Zero, using the explorer PHat. The robot is supposed to follow black, red, green and blue lines and react to the colour, so it should drive ...
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1answer
2k views

Implementing pure pursuit problem in robot navigation? [closed]

I would like to implement pure pursuit waypoints navigation. we know that, look ahead distance=look ahead gain*vehicle forward velocity How can I calculate look ahead velocity gain/look ahead gain? ...
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3answers
532 views

How can I implement tremaux algo in arduino line follower to navigate and create map?

The Map1 The task is divided into 2 runs, In first run, We have to navigate through whole map and reach the end mark taking all checkpoints. In second run, using the mapping from first run we have to ...
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1answer
434 views

What algorithm should I use for a line follower?

I actively take part in robotics competitions with my school's robotics club, and all of the line followers we use, are implemented using a PID algorithm (PD actually), but recently my electronics ...
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1answer
955 views

How to select dc motors for a line following robot?

What are the criteria to consider when ordering dc motors for a line following robot? Is there a way to calculate the torque required?
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1answer
1k views

Are there any others alternatives for PID controllers for line following robots? [closed]

Are there any better/ advanced ways of steering a line following robot other than pid controller? If so what are them?
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4answers
9k views

How to check for a sharp angle with a line follower?

I have the mBot robot and I want to program it to follow the line. So far it can pass any kind of line that is >90°. I want it to be able to pass 90°-ish angles as well. Like this one: The problem ...
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1answer
661 views

How to make a robot arm follow a shape/path

First of all hope this is not a stupid question but I couldn't find any ware a solution. I have constructed a 3 DOF robot arm. I want it to follow a trajectory on a 2D plane (XY). Tha shapes I want ...
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1answer
2k views

Typical Problem in Simple Line Follower Using 3 sensors

I am working on building a line follower robot using ATmega2560 and I want its movement to be more precise. I am facing a very typical problem. It consists of three(3) IR sensors. The thickness of the ...
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1answer
343 views

Color sensor alternatives [closed]

I am making a white line follower. I am using an IR sensor module based on TCRT5000. I am directly taking the 8bit ADC reading from Arduino Uno and printing the values on serial monitor. I observe ...
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1answer
1k views

Length and Width of a Line Following Robot

I'm building a line following robot. I have made different chassis designs. The main prototype I'm using is a rectangle base. At one side motors are placed. On the other side of the rectangle caster ...
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0answers
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How to drive robot without driving actuator? [duplicate]

I am participating in a robotics competition. I am supposed to design and build two robots. Out of these, one cannot have a driving actuator (it can have a steering actuator though, fed by a line ...
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2answers
1k views

Advanced Line Following Robot of Maze Solving

I know how to make a line follower. But in this video what have they done exactly? They are giving the source and destination in the map but how the robot moves based on the instruction given in map? ...
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1answer
762 views

Robot wire follower + how to position on wire

I'm designing my lawn mower robot, and I am in the perimeter stage. The electronic part is done, and works quite good, now comes the software. I need an advice on how to deal with the problem of ...
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2answers
272 views

Optimal-time acceleration sequence of a line-following robot following a moving obstacle

Say we have a line-following robot that has a moving obstacle in front, that is a one-dimensional problem. The moving obstacle is defined by its initial state and a sequence of (longitudinal) ...
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2answers
2k views

Tuning PD for line follower

I am trying to make line following robot. I am using atmega328p mcu, pololu 10:1 motors, pololu qtr6-rc sensor, 2s li-po. Here is my code: ...
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1answer
137 views

How would I implement a following drone with a camera using GPS?

As the title states, is there any way to make a following drone that tracks a GPS unit, and follows/orients camera to that? Similar to this
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2answers
175 views

Is there a brushless motor controller accepting over 500 updates/s?

I want to use brushless for my line follower. The problem is most ESCs don't accept more than 400-500 updates/s due to the characteristic of steering signal. Is there a way to overcome this with a ...
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2answers
398 views

Linear State space model for mobile robot

How can I write a linear state space model for a 4 wheel mobile robot with Ackerman steering in terms of error. I want the robot to follow a line. The robot is rear wheel drive
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1answer
4k views

Single-shaft vs Double-shaft motors

I am trying to make a line follower robot and I need help regarding the type of dc motor to use. So we have a single shaft BO Motor and a double shaft BO Motor. Can anyone help me understand what is ...
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2answers
5k views

it's worth to make a line follower using a raspberry pi and a web cam?

I wonder if this would be a competitive robot compared with one made with a traditional approach using a microcontroller and infrared sensors. I suppose that raspberry can perform an edge detection to ...
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1answer
8k views

Line follower robot program [closed]

I am working on a line follower robot as part of my Microelectronics project, and am confused over what sort of code to use to program the "pic18f" microcontroller I'm using. Can someone give me ...
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2answers
858 views

Line following robot with EV3 Colour Sensor

I am trying to build an advanced coloured lines following robot with the ability to differentiate between many different coloured lines and follow them. I am looking for the right sensor that will ...
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2answers
409 views

What is an effective distribution of grayscale sensors on robot

I'm working on a robotics project, and I am using grayscale sensors to automatically follow a black line: turning 90 degrees, going round in a circle, and passing through gaps in the lines etc. I was ...
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2answers
5k views

Line Follower optimization

I'm working on building a line follower robot and want to optimize its performance. It was suggested that I use a PID algorithm. I read a lot about PID but am confused a bit regarding following: I've ...
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1answer
5k views

Maze Solving Algorithm For Mazes With Loops

I am trying to implement a line following robot that can solve mazes similar to the Pololu robots you can watch on youtube. My problem is the maze that I am trying to solve is looped and therefore ...
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4answers
5k views

How to make an “invisible line following robot”?

I would like to build a robot which follows a virtual path (Not a visible path like a 'black line on a white surface', etc). I'm just enthusiastic by seeing some sci-fi videos which show robots carry ...
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2answers
3k views

Programming a line following robot with reinforcement learning

I am considering programming a line following robot using reinforcement learning algorithms. The question I am pondering over is how can I get the algorithm to learn navigating through any arbitrary ...