# Questions tagged [joint]

The point of contact between elements of a robot with the parts that surround and support it

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### Inferring joint orientation on multi-joint arm

Not a robotics question in the strictest sense, I guess, but related closely enough, I hope: I have an arm-like articulated two(-plus-one)-joint appliance that I want to use as a 3D input device. It ...
18 views

### Why do some humanoid robots use a slanted yaw joint on the hip?

In this image, we see LHipYawPitch, as well as a dedicated LHipPitch. Why would they combine the yaw and pitch in the upper joint instead of making a dedicated yaw joint? I understand that this makes ...
26 views

### How to calculate displacement of the end effector by the yaw, pitch, and roll in the spherical joint?

For planar robots, we can calculate how small changes in the angle of each joint corresponds to the displacement of the end effector, by constructing a jacobian consisting of cross products between ...
15 views

### What are joint angles of Kinova Jaco in home position?

I want to work with Kinova Jaco with spherical wrist in CoppeliaSim, because currently I do not have access to a physical manipulator. The model there is in reset configuration (arm fully extended and ...
66 views

### Robot arm with steppers - speed

I am using a 5 axis Robot arm (Robolink robot from Igus) to perform some 3D printing routines. By now I am trying to use them and have him have some good position (and speed) control. The robot is ...
32 views

### How do I decide the minimum number of link lengths and joints my manipulator must have from the configuration space?

I have a configuration space in 3D where my manipulator must reach certain points. Taking into account all the factors how do I decide the mininum number of links and joints my arm must have?
34 views

### what are shoulder ball and socket joints called? (i am trying to design and build a hydraulic assistance mech suit)

I'm having problems finding the right sort of joint for my shoulder connection. It is a flat surface on the side of the mech body and I need to create a joint with maximum movement rotating: up, down ...
24 views

### What is the purpose of an empty link without any child elements?

I was looking at a model xacro [urdf] file in a ROS tutorial when I saw: ...
44 views

### My robot keeps getting saved as one cylinder leaving out the bottom cube

I created a robot in the model editor that is made up of a cube and a cylinder with a revolute joint between them but after saving it and inserting another instance into the world, I only get the ...
36 views

### Velocity description in Screw Motion Theory

As described in the book Modern Robotics by Frank C. Park the velocity of a reference frame can be described as : $$V_s = J_s(\theta)\dot{\theta}$$ $$V_b = J_b(\theta)\dot{\theta}$$ However in the ...
2k views

### Gazebo: moving joint with model plugin

This is my first week with Gazebo. The tutorials are clear (except for my dearth of C++ knowledge) but now that I'm working to move out on my own things are getting cloudy. I made a model comprising ...
68 views

### How to compute associated (partial) Jacobian matrix for each joint of a serial manipulator?

Given DH parameters of a serial manipulator, the forward kinematics gives me T0n = T01*T12*T23*...*Tn-1n , n is the DOF of manipulator. I can calculate the Jacobian matrix J for the end-effector by ...
49 views

### How does this end effector work?

I've seen this linear actuator end effector on a few industrial SCARA 'bots but I am having trouble visualizing how it works internally: It looks like a type of lead screw, but the nut must spin ...
13 views

### Have artificial muscles achieved the level for the practical use, e.g. in InMoov robot?

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-665X/ab0d9b is article about manipulator that uses artificial muscles. My question is - have the articial muscles achieved the maturity for some ...
24 views

### Coupled joints limimit

I have 6dof articular robot. All joints are revolute. The limit of 3rd joint depends on the position of 2nd joint. I need to write function which returns 0 if 3rd fits limits with respect to 2nd joint ...
68 views

### IMU based joint angle measurement

Let us assume we have a two 2-DoF robot. Both axes rotate around x. And the goal is to measure the joint angle values with the roll value from IMUs attached on each link. However, the problem is that ...
80 views

### Making a motor controlled joint passive

Anyone know of a good (and economical) way to make a motor controlled arm become a passive link on trigger? That is, the joint can be active (motor controlled) or passive (rotate freely). The tip of ...
397 views

### How to determine the direction of X-Axis in Denavit Hartenberg process? [Sketch inside]

The rules of assigning axes for DH parameters are (as I know them): 1- Z: in the direction of the axis of rotation/translation of revolute/prismatic joints. 2- X: perpendicular to the previous Z axis ...
48 views

### What are the differences between wheel and manipulator joint encoders?

As far as I understand the joint encoders output the angle and the wheel encoders output speed. Is that accurate? In either case, how do the differences affect the kinematic calculations, as in path ...
377 views

### How can I attach an arm to a double-flat drive stepper motor?

This is my first robotics experience, outside of one class 10 years ago. I've been Googling this question for about an hour but I can't find an answer! I'm using a ROHS Step Motor 28BYJ-48 (with an ...
The forward kinematics of a robot arm can be solved easily. We can represent each joint using DenavitāHartenberg transformation matrices. For example, if the $i^{th}$ joint is a linear actuator, it ...