# Questions tagged [inverse-kinematics]

Inverse kinematics is a subtopic of kinematics dealing with equations that describe the joint parameters necessary to move a robotic arm to a particular position. Also called motion planning.

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### Error in simmechanics matlab while doing inverse dynamics using custom joint

I am doing inverse dynamics in Matlab simmechanics in which position and orientation will be input to the end effector. But it shows error as below. Error originates in Mechanical block rob33/...
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### Inverse kinematics for 4-DOF Articualted manipluator

I am trying to find out the math formulas for Inverse Kinematics for a 4-DOF articulated manipulator. By Googling I found information about inverse kinematics for 3-DOF, 4-DOF and 6-DOF articulated ...
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### Rotation matrix sign convention confusion.

In rotation matrix, Why do we rotate the first and third rotation in the opposite direction of the 2nd rotation, this is confusing. Image is attached with this. In this image we can note that for x ...
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### Inverse Kinematics Computation — why are alpha angle values not included?

Given a desired transform matrix of the end effector relevant to the base frame of the P560: John J. Craig, in his book, Introduction to Robotics Mechanics and Control, computes the inverse kinematic ...
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### Jacobian transpose: How to calculate orientation error?

I'm confused about how to compute the error in orientation. All the documents I've read don't explain how to do it. The error in position is simply the difference between the points. Let's assume ...
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### How to calculate positions to take images from a robot arm to cover a board?

I have a SCARA style robot arm that has a camera mounted near the end effector. Each image from the camera covers a subset of a board, but I need to calculate the positions of the camera so that I get ...
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### Constrained Inverse Kinematics velocity calculation via Jacobian

I am trying to implement inverse kinematics for a robot arm with 5DOF within Unity. The robot arm is supposed to depict the mechanical, hydraulic driven cylinder arm of a heavy machine such as ...
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### Cartesian Velocity Control between Two 3D Poses

I am really struggling to understand how to do Cartesian velocity control when 3D rotations are involved. So, below is a very simple example which I am hoping somebody can help me with. Let's say the ...
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### Plotting a Robot in App Designer

I've a robot created with Peter Corke toolbox and I must plot it inside an app (must be in App Designer - Matlab). The problem is that everytime I try to plot it, it makes an independent figure ...
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### Cartesian Angular Velocity

Let's say I have a Jacobian which gives the relationship between the velocity of a robot's joints, and the Cartesian velocity of its end-effector, relative to the end-effector's local frame. And let's ...
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### Inverse Kinematics does not give the desired joint angles

I have a location of a tool with respect to the base. That location is described by an x,y,z coordinates and three rotations. I call that $Target$. I want to make a geometrical approach on the first ...
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### Humanoid Robot Arm

I have a modeling design for Humanoid robot arm in simscape-SimMechanics in Matlab, I am trying to use the inverse kinematic to make a reaching movement for the arm to the target position; however, I ...
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### What is my last rotation matrix for the last three angles when i have found the first three when doing inverse kinematics to a 6dof robot?

I am doing inverse kinematics for a 6dof robot. I have used the geometrical method to describe the angles from one to three. I have trouble doing the next part. I know I that I have found the ...
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### Inverse Kinematics with Orientations

Let's say I have a robot consisting of a base $B$ and a manipulator $M$. The pose of the manipulator can be expressed as the transformation matrix $T_{BM}$. I also have a goal $G$ which I want to move ...
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### Controlling the pose of a manipulator using inverse kinematics

I want to control a robotic manipulator in Cartesian space, using inverse kinematics. I know that I can do this using $\omega=J^{-1}v$, where $\omega$ is a vector of joint velocities, $J$ is the ...
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### How to represent the Xf axis of the final frame (end-effector) in function of euler angles?

I am working on a robot arm with 7 rotational joints. I can generate the T of any position, what I want to do ist to represent the vector Xf of the end effector frame in the base frame. How can I do ...
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### Estimation of pitch, roll, yaw angles: synthesis of an observer or IMU?

Dear Robotics Specialists, I want to contact you for advice. I am developing a control system for complex parallel mechanisms like what I presented in this thread. Formulas for calculating the ...
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### Why with the pseudo-inverse it is possible to invert the Jacobian matrix even in a singular configuration?

Consider the following situation: I have a robotic arm manipulator with all revolute joints, for example consider a 2R planar manipulator. We know that if we compute the direct kinematics of it, anf ...
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### Do I need to use Inverse Kinematics if I have the coordinates of all joints?

So I have the positions of all the joints (x,y,z) of a robot arm. I need to calculate the angles of the joints to feed them to another similar robot arm. I cannot get the angles from the robot I need ...
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### Complete kinematics for parallel mechanisms

I am aware of various different approaches of kinematic modelling of parallel mechanisms. I have currently employed the vector loop closure equations to solve the inverse kinematics problem. The ...
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### What is the reasoning for solving inverse kinematics problems?

I am a student, and I am studying robotic arm manipulators. I am focusing on the concept of inverse kinematics, I have understood is the process of finding, from the direct kinematics, the joint ...
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I and my friends are planning to build a dog like quadruped robot. We have designed it like MIT Cheetah Mini like legs structure, each leg having 3 Servos, 3rd DOF for rotation. We have calculated ...
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### 3d inverse kinematic using ccd method with orientation constraint

i am trying to make 3d visualization for our robot in python language(let's just name it robot simulation). it work great at the forward kinematic part, for example when i set 45 degree to servo 15, ...
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### Problems fixing frames to a 6 degrees freedom robot

Hello Robotics Stack Exchange. I am trying to put frames to this robot so I can make forward and inverse kinematics. However, when I use the DH parameters I do not get the same results as roboDK (a ...
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### How to find inverse kinematic equations for a quadruped robot to make it walk?

I have made a model of quadruped robot (sprawling/spider type and not dog type) in V-rep and now I want to make it walk by using creep gait. (i.e moving 1 leg at a time) As I understand, I have to ...
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### Problem with solution (equation) for wrist singularity

In my textbook about industrial robots it says that if the angle q5 in this robot is equal to 0, there are infinite solutions for the angles q4 and q6. I understand this part, but I have a problem ...
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### What do I need to know about the dynamics of an industrial robot?

Apart from kinematics, what do i need to know about the dynamics and other things of a robot in order to calculate the angles of the joints for positions of the end effector exactly? that means: if i ...
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### SerialLink.ikine producing inconsistent inner coordinates - Robotics Toolbox

I'm trying to write a Matlab function that will enable me to write letters and numbers using my 6dof manipulator (RRRRRR). I have a function named gensym that ...
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### Most accurate rotation representation for small angles

Assume that I have a rigid body for which I know that it can rotate with respect to a global reference frame (which is considered fixed and already given) for only a few degrees of angle, so I can ...
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### How To Do path planning To move the Robotic Arm in straight line in 3D where the arm is having base, Shoulder, Elbow & wrist? [closed]

Now the design we have has the 4 DOF (Base, Shoulder, Elbow, Wrist), there is no problem in moving the arm in a curved manner but the main problem arises in straight-line motion. I'm unable to fid=nd ...
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### 6 DOF Spherical Wrist IK Calculation (Unity)

So i solved the first 3 Joints of this 6DOF but i dont know how to deal with the Rotation Matrix at Joint 4,5 and 6. I know that i need a XYX Rotation Matrix but I dont know how to affect the TCP with ...
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### Finding inverse kinematics algorithm for a specific manipulator

I need to find a way to solve invrese kinematics for Comau SMART-3 robot. Could you give me a few hints where to start looking? I have no idea about robotics and I couldn't find an algorithm for this ...
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### How do I add a tool to an inverse kinematic solver

This may be a very basic question, however I am having great difficulty to find the right answer. I have a functioning python code for the inverse kinematics of a 6 axis UR Robot. For any ...
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### Computing the Jacobian matrix for Inverse Kinematics

When computing the Jacobian matrix for solving an Inverse Kinematic analytically, I read from many places that I could use this formula to create each of the columns of a joint in the Jacobian matrix: ...
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### Inverse kinematic orientation problem

I am trying IK for 5-DOF robot all revolute joint. I am working IK with Jacobian inverse i.e end effector velocity = J inverse * error vector. In error vector I am feeding (x,y,z) positional error; ...
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### 3-RRP manipulator robot

I'm having some issues with a planar manipulator I have to deal with. The first two moves are rotational and the third one is a prismatic one. The shoulder and elbow move around the X-axis, while the ...
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### Is it possible to estimate a torque input to fit the robot arm to markers in world coordinates?

I'd like to control a humanoid in a physics engine to fit it to markers given as Cartesian worldspace coordinates. I'd like to realize this by estimating inputs to PD controller using some gradient-...
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### Finding center of mass and support polygon for quadruped robot

I intend to find the center of mass of a quadruped robot and find the convex of the CoM inside the support polygon. I want to make a model of this, which is further going to help me develop stable ...