Questions tagged [imu]

Inertial Measurement Unit

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3
votes
2answers
1k views

Correctly calculating free acceleration given NED referenced orientation quaternion and sensor referenced acceleration data

I have a sensor outputting correct, calibrated North-East-Down referenced quaternions describing the orientation of the sensor. It also outputs raw, sensor referenced acceleration data, inclusive of ...
5
votes
1answer
263 views

Inferring joint orientation on multi-joint arm

Not a robotics question in the strictest sense, I guess, but related closely enough, I hope: I have an arm-like articulated two(-plus-one)-joint appliance that I want to use as a 3D input device. It ...
0
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1answer
22 views

How to calibrate a magnetometer on a heavy robot

I am wondering how to calibrate a magnetometer on an IMU that is installed on a heavy robot. Normally, hard and soft iron calibration is done by spinning the IMU in all axis, but since it is installed ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

How to use Quaternion from IMU to get the transformation to inertial reference frame?

Im trying to get the Linear Velocity integrating the acceleration from IMu. I know there will be accumulated error due to integration bit before the integration I have to do couple of other steps. ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Sensor fusion in a metal heavy environment

I am trying to get heading information of a forklift. I've designed a small PCB for this purpose. This PCB has a 3 axis magnetometer and a 6 axis gyroscope-accelerometer (Z- axis looking towards the ...
1
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1answer
156 views

Complementary filter for gyroscope and accelerometer

I am trying to understand how the complementary filter works. I did some research and i found this: I am confused about the noise and drift before any filter is applied. I have 2 questions: In the ...
1
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2answers
265 views

Sensor fusion of GNSS and IMU using UKF

I do have a land-based robot with an IMU and a GNSS receiver. From the IMU, I get the velocity and acceleration in both $x$ and $y$ directions. From the GNSS receiver, I get the latitude and ...
8
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1answer
6k views

Angle Random Walk vs. Rate Noise Density (MPU6050)

I’ve made a datalog from a MPU6050 (IMU: gyroscope and accelerometer) at 500Hz sample rate. Now I want to calculate the characteristics from the gyro to evaluate the sensor. For the gyro I’ve found ...
0
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1answer
57 views

How to do transformation to get correct linear velocity from linear acceleration IMU data?

I have IMU sensor that gives me the raw data such as orientation, Angular and Linear acceleration. Im using ROS and doing some Gazebo UUV simulation. Furthermore, I want to get linear velocity from ...
0
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1answer
76 views

What would be a way to estimate IMU noise covariance matrix?

Weirdly enough, my robot platform which has an official ROS package supported by a manufacturer doesn't provide any covariance matrices of its sensors. So, I'm basically trying to estimate these ...
2
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1answer
77 views

C++ (ROS node) for Euler Integration to estimate Velocity knowing the acceleration

Hi I have IMU reading and would like to estimate the linear Velocity knowing the linear acceleration from the IMU using the Euler method. Im aware of the accumulated error. So need a C++(python) code ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Linear Velocity from robot_localization Package after IMU integration and and only one sensor (IMU) as sensor input

Im using the robot_localization robot_localizationto get the linear Velocity of underwater simulated ROV with Gazebo. In order to get the correct orientation of the linear (twist) component of the ...
0
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2answers
86 views

I2C Arduino Connection

I am working on a wheel mobile robot with multiple sensors which are IMU, two encoders, four ultrasonic sensors, and using two Arduino: Uno and Mega. The IMU, encoders, and ultrasonic sensors are ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Drone lost traj recovery

So I am using slam algorithm to localize the drone which is gps denied . The input to the slam algo is imu data and a video . Now after the first run of the slam algorithm it creates the trajectory ...
1
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2answers
49 views

"catkin_make" prompts "+make" and "recipe for target ... failed" errors

I have been working on a ground vehicle project for some time that has bunch of sensors, until now I have managed to overcome the problems I have encountered. I have used catkin_make many times and ...
0
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0answers
7 views

How to set up parameter in hector_localization stack to fuse IMU and Barometer (Pressure sensor)?

Im checking the hector_localization hector_localization stack, that provide the full 6DOF pose of a robot or platform. It uses various sensor sources, which are fused using an Extended Kalman filter. ...
1
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0answers
19 views

How do you derive the soft iron matrix for magnetometer calibration?

Can someone send reliable sources for how this is derived? I understand the diagonal values are for scale, but how do you determine all 6 values needed for this matrix? I would also like to normalize ...
0
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1answer
44 views

TF is broken when using robot_localization package with only IMU sensor, how to assure that the measured velocity is the one from the robot?

Im using thisrobot_lokalization robot_localization package for the linear velocity. As only sensor input in my case is IMU. I configure the parameters and set the frames as follow ...
2
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1answer
110 views

Particle Filter for IMU tilt angle and bias estimation from Kalman Filter models

I understand the functioning of Particle Filters from the book Probabilistic Robotics and the robotics course provided by Cyrill Stachniss. I want to implement, from scratch, a particle filter to ...
0
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0answers
19 views

How to minimize the error integrating 3D angular velocity data obtained by the IMU to get linear velocity?

I have IMU sensor that gives me the raw data such as orientation, Angular and Linear acceleration. Im using ROS and doing some Gazebo UUV simulation. Furthermore, I want to get linear velocity from ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

To calculate roll,pitch and yaw

How do I calculate roll,pitch and yaw value from the position co ordinates of the drone, that is x,y and z from the gps sensor??? Using the x,y and z co ordinates I have to calculate roll,pitch and ...
1
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0answers
15 views

Digital compass precision in urban environment

I'm working on an application to compute the absolute heading (yaw) using the following hardware: WIT-Motion HWT905 IMU https://www.wit-motion.com/digital-inclinometer/witmotion-hwt905-ttl.html. It ...
0
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1answer
50 views

Bug in code of Self-Balancing Bot

I am making a Self balancing bot as my project in which I am using MPU6050, Arduino Uno, motor driver l298n and DC motors. I am making this using data from accelerometer and gyroscope and combining ...
2
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2answers
103 views

GPS+IMU sensor fusion not based on Kalman Filters

Do you know any papers on or implementations of GPS + IMU sensor fusion for localization that are not based on an EKF (Extended Kalman Filter) or UKF (Unscented Kalman Filter)? I'm asking is because ...
1
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1answer
231 views

Accelerometer and gyroscope noise and bias

I am doing an EKF (Extended Kalman Filter) to fusion Visual Odometry with IMU information. I am using a ROS package called ethzasl-msf (I am using the multi sensor fusion because then I have to add ...
1
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1answer
98 views

How to calculate the ground truth of your own simple dataset for testing your SLAM Algorithm?

I have tested my SLAM algorithm on EuRoC, TUM and KITTI Datasets. But I would like to test on my own custom dataset. Moreover, I already rectify how to make my own dataset in TUM dataset format, but I ...
1
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1answer
715 views

EKF implementation on odometry/IMU

I am applying Extended Kalman Filter for a mobile robot with IMU and odometry data. I am running simulation currently. However, I don't have suitable data for odo/IMU measurements to use. Where can I ...
0
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0answers
29 views

How do you convert the covariance matrix of a 3D rotation error-state to the covariance matrix of the corresponding quaternion?

I'd like to convert the covariance matrix of an error-state Kalman Filter that uses Euler angles to the corresponding covariance matrix of a quaternion state. I basically use this for standard INS-...
1
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1answer
43 views

Obtaining Heading vector from IMU

First time here. I'm an electronics engineer who has been tasked with this problem: Given the 4D quaternion representing a vehicle orientation, how do you get the heading vector? The vehicle ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Do you need to know the orientation between aircraft and IMU for IMU alignment?

I have a fixed wing aircraft and a MEMS IMU, but I am uncertain of the exact orientation between the IMU and aircraft. In the manual for the IMU, it recommends undergoing an alignment procedure prior ...
0
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1answer
441 views

Gyro yaw drift compensation

I'm looking for some kind of filter, algorithm which will allow me to compensate gyro yaw drift using heading of magnetometer. My project requires only yaw measurments and both sensors are flat. Is ...
0
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1answer
197 views

How to do IMU and camera "sensor fusion" tracking?

I have some 50ms latency cameras at hand and a 800Hz IMU (gyro+accelerometer+magnetometer). I would like to know how exactly how I should do a sensor fusion of such an IMU and camera to fix the ...
0
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1answer
51 views

Which algorithms to locate a static 3D object relative to a moving camera/IMU?

I am using typical setup with camera and IMU as found on a smartphone. Using this, I would like to estimate the relative pose between the camera and an object (for simplicity, let's say a cube). The ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

IMU based joint angle measurement

Let us assume we have a two 2-DoF robot. Both axes rotate around x. And the goal is to measure the joint angle values with the roll value from IMUs attached on each link. However, the problem is that ...
4
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1answer
413 views

MPU6050: Changing Gyro Output Range Throws off Positional Reading

I am using the MPU6050 in conjunction with an Arduino and Jeff Rowberg's i2cdev library, and my project requires that the gyro rate outputs be more precise than the default setting, which is 1/16.4 of ...
0
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1answer
254 views

MPU6050 gyroscope giving wrong measure

i am trying to make an angle meter, using the UNO and MPU6050, following joop brokking video tutorials, when utilizing the accelerometer, the results are fine, however when i try to use gyroscope ...
2
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0answers
58 views

How to avoid gimbal with Quaternions

I'am working with an LSM6DSO32, so I'am starting with Kalman filter, everything works but with Euler angle I got gimbal lock I think... But if my pitch angle approach to 90° my roll angle jump and I ...
0
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0answers
36 views

Beginner needs help with Self-Balancing-Robot build

I'm looking for help on a 1st build self balancing robot, something that seemed pretty easy but not. I'm retired so have plenty of time but no real robot skills, electrical, mechanical yes. I have ...
3
votes
2answers
146 views

Is it possible to track position using gyroscope and accelerometer without a magnetometer?

I'm looking for help on a project where I will be placing sensor data in 3D space using augmented reality. Most solutions I have found for finding position with an IMU involve the magnetometer, but ...
7
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1answer
6k views

Quadcopter PID Algorithm

I'm trying to implement a PID control on my quadcopter using the Tiva C series microcontroller but I have trouble making the PID stabilize the system. While I was testing the PID, I noticed slow or ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

How to actually fuse sensor using Extended Kalman Filter

Background I'm working on 4-omniwheel mobile robot. It have encoder on each wheel and MPU 6050 IMU. The robot positioning suffer a great error because slip, so i try to increase the accuracy of ...
1
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1answer
72 views

IMU gravity sensing

How are IMUs used to sense the direction of gravity? I have read a number of articles that talk about using IMU for orientation of flying robotics but I do not understand how. Could someone explain ...
1
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3answers
737 views

Navigation - GPS + IMU; how to make it more accurate?

Currently, I am trying to navigate a small robot car to point A from my current position. The car has a GPS sensor and a BNO055 IMU(Gyro + Mag + Acc). I know the GPS co-ordinates of point A. Using the ...
0
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0answers
26 views

How to compute linear speed on scooter without gps and wheel odometry

My project is to be able to compute my linear speed on my scooter only with my IMU. I have a IMU build with my arduino which is in my backpack. I want first to compensate the acceleration measurement ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Measurements of IMU (accelerometer and gyroscope) are drifted or with too much error

I placed my drone on a table (i.e, at rest) and save (using a ROS topic) the IMU readings: As you can see, there's a lot of drift or error. I would expect the $x$ and $y$ acceleration to be 0 (I know ...
8
votes
1answer
8k views

How are units of noise measurement related to units of a sensor's data measurement?

I'm trying to understand how noise is represented for accelerometers, gyroscopes, and magnetometers so that I can match the requirements of my project with the standard specs of these sensors. I ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Kalman filter GPS + IMU fusion get accurate velocity with low cost sensors

I'm new to all this robotics stuff. Especially to Kalman filter. My initial goal is to have velocity as accurate as possible Here is my case: I have a phone which is mounted, for example in the ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Localization and Mapping in a Small Crop Field

I have a small crop field inside my house and I want to create a map of it. The goal is to create a map so that I can monitor the growth of the plants and do some post processing to analyze the ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

How is IMU noise dealt with between steps?

Direct integration of IMU will result in massive error incredibly quickly. What I am wondering is, how do you use an IMU over a small time intervals to aid in pose estimation? In particular, suppose ...
2
votes
2answers
507 views

Yaw from IMU acceleration

When IMU is gravity aligned, yaw is not observable from linear acceleration data. However, when IMU has non null pitch, the sensor is not gravity aligned anymore and the gravity acceleration gets ...

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