Questions tagged [design]

Mechanical, electronic or programmatic design of a robot.

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SOLIDWORKS-Bolting a COTS part from a STEP File onto an Assembly

Problem I have a STEP file with a few holes for bolts. I'm hoping to bolt this part into stock material in Solidworks. Example My first thought is to extend the holes into other connected components ...
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2 answers
72 views

How to add precise amounts of ingredients in my beverage making robot? [closed]

I am currently in the process of making a robot that can make a cup of tea, when It receives the command to do so. The general idea is as follows: checks if saucepan is placed checks if milk is ...
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How to calculate manned drone Thrust, Propeller size and Battery capacity(including weight)

This is for a manned drone with 250 gross weight(academic project). I have assumed the weight of the passenger to be 80kg which is included in the aforementioned value. The design considered is of ...
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I would like to add a prismatic joint to the Z axis of the 6th joint of Urdf

I have a urdf file,urdf of UR5 robot and added a prismatic joint to the end of 6th joint of the robot with the "prismatic_joint" tag (By copying other joints and links) ...
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How to calculate DH parameters for Higher Pair?

I am trying to build a robot which is having Bevel Gears connecting two links. I want to calculate DH parameters, but i am stuck with this bevel gear as when the joint rotates both angle and ...
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Closed Kinematic Chain Forward Kinematics using DH method

I'm dealing with the direct kinematic of a robotic leg, composed by a four bar mechanism coupled with a slider-crank. I understood that I need to identify the closed loops of my leg and I did it: the ...
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How to perform decoupling between decision making and action execution in ROS2?

Hi I'm making a robot using: ros2 foxy OS Ubuntu Linux 20.04.2 LTS (Focal Fossa). Linux 5.8.0-59-generic I built an Action based on the tutorial Building an Action Server and Client. Then expanded ...
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1 answer
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Attaching an optical rotary encoder to a bicycle wheel

I am currently working on a Sixth-Form experimental physics project, the end goal of which is to build a simplified Malkus Waterwheel, and to see whether chaotic synchronization can be achieved ...
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2 votes
5 answers
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Recommended building materials for building a robot WITHOUT 3D printer?

I have a ton of ideas for building a robot using an arduino and raspberry pi. I have an assembled the wheels and chassis, and now I am left with an ugly raspberry pi and arduino + wires. It works, but ...
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Deduce all possible configuration for a given CONF param FANUC

I am working on the "CONF" parameter of FANUC Robots. The "CONF" param determine the pose of the robot (maybe to have only one inverse kinematics solution). This configuration is ...
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Significance of tf2_ros::TransformListener in constructors

Is there a reason that a lot of constructors in ROS based code take in tf2_ros::TransformListener as one of the input? I want to get an idea from the design ...
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Reducing stress on servo axle

I am designing an articulated robot arm that will not need to hold essentially any weight at its end, but that will need to perform thousands of repetitions (currently using MG 996R servos, but might ...
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5 bar linkage hand exoskeleton

I have a project to design a hand exoskeleton for hand rehabilitation. The problem is that i'm thinked I only need the linkage mechanism with multiple 4 bar linkages. But because of human fingers ...
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1 answer
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What is the best to track an object and its relative position in field?

I understand this is very conceptual. I am working on a system when I am trying to track the path taken by an object as it moves across a field. Imagine a maze built on roughly the size of a football ...
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Natural frequency of robot arm

I want to design a 3 DOF pick and place robotic arm. I've accomplished stress analysis. now i'm going to do frequency analysis. software give me natural frequencies in different configurations. but i ...
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2 answers
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How to convert 2D AutoCad drawing into CODE for CNC machine (laser cutter)?

I am a student of mechanical engineering, currently working on my 3rd-year project. I am designing a sheet-metal enclosure for a belt drive. We have a common laser cutter that could be used for my ...
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How to design a robot chassis so as to avoid bending issues?

I'm good on the programming, control systems and electronics aspect of robotics, but need help with a problem with mechanical design. How do I avoid bending of my chassis due to weight? It is a 2 ...
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Differential Drive Tricycle WMR with active caster wheel

I'm doing some research for my university project and in particular it concerns a functional design project. I thought it would have been possible to design a 3-wheel mobile robot with an active ...
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3 votes
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Counterweight in arm designs

I wonder why most robotic arms use large J2 (shoulder) motors rather than counterweights. What sort of complexity do they add to the design beside increase in overall weight? In fact, rather than ...
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Proper robotic competitions for one university team (first step) [closed]

I am Bioengineering student at one Iranian middle-rank university and have a small business in building some easy medical devices (PCB and CAD designing with Programming and some market experiments). ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Robot - Wall Avoiding (Plinko Robot)

I am looking to build a robot that will travel and zig-zag down the hallway.It will be headed towards a wall at roughly 45 degrees and then use a IR LED to detect when a wall is nearby. From there, ...
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1 answer
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Path finding: A* vs Fast marching

Context: I am working on a 20 cm x 20 cm indoor robot on a 2D terrain and I need to decide on its path planning algorithm. Algorithms: A* and Fast marching are two popular (and fundamentally ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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What should be the ideal ratio for link lengths ( L1/ L2) of a 2 link manipuator robot with revolute joints?

I am working on making a CAD model of a two link robotic manipulator, with link lengths around 15-20 cm. I am unable to figure how to set their mutual ratio and I want to know whether there is some ...
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1 vote
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Increasing suction force

I'm trying to increase the suction force of the end effector in a pick and place system. Is it a good idea to add an extra vacuum pump and put it in parallel? AFAIK, having an extra pump in parallel ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How does this end effector work?

I've seen this linear actuator end effector on a few industrial SCARA 'bots but I am having trouble visualizing how it works internally: It looks like a type of lead screw, but the nut must spin ...
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What is the corrispettive motion convention for robotic systems with X,Y,Z axis?

We built several systems coupling multiple linear micrometric stages. I can't find a standard defining the axis convention of these kinds of systems, it there are any. Regarding the system on the ...
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Compensator design

I got a plant $G(s)=\left(0.13s+1\right)/s^2$ to design a compensator which provides below demands: Settling time : max 2s Overshoot : max %35 Gain margin : min 10 dB Phase margin : min 30 deg ...
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2 answers
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Block algebra and normal algebra inconsistent

I've been playing around with some block maths, mostly trying to remember how it actually works, and I've come to a simple example that should be reduced, however when doing the normal maths, compared ...
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2 votes
1 answer
56 views

Artificial Intelligence and Open source pipeline for automated design, simulation and analysis of robotics systems

I have heard about open source 3D printed robotics projects (https://www.poppy-project.org/en/ is somehow obsolete example). My question is - are there open source holistic/integrated frameworks of ...
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Design a robot that can apply hot glue to paper

I need to automate a process that involves applying hot glue to paper. I own a standard handheld hot glue gun, like this one: Sticks of room-temperature glue are fed in the right side. Pulling the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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How should I create a Pangolin (Armadillo) structure?

I am new to this forum. I want to create a mechanical structure as depicted in the image A pangolin bag. And further wouls like to automate the closing and opening of the bag. But I am facing issues ...
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2 votes
1 answer
878 views

How can I attach an arm to a double-flat drive stepper motor?

This is my first robotics experience, outside of one class 10 years ago. I've been Googling this question for about an hour but I can't find an answer! I'm using a ROHS Step Motor 28BYJ-48 (with an ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Design of the baseplate of mobile robot

I need to construct a Mobile robots preferably circular type of diameter 30 cm, it will be carrying a payload of 5kg. What will be optimal thickness the baseplate considering the material as aluminium?...
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-2 votes
1 answer
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Why can't motors be as elegant as human muscles? Why do we have to use electromagnetism to create movement?

Pretty much as the title says. Why isn't it possible to build motors as microscopically and simply as they're built in humans? Why can't we recreate electronic nerves and muscles?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Robotic Arm Senior Capstone. Electronics/Controls/Sensors Questions

I am a mechanical engineering student currently working on my senior capstone. My team of all MechEs has to build a robotic "arm" where the arm is really just a link/bar of aluminum. The thing we ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Challenges involved in designing an Industrial Robotic Arm [closed]

I was wondering if any robotics engineers around would kindly, provide suggestions on the following: I was recently hired by a company that wants to implement a robotic solution in manufacturing ...
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Ontology/marketplace of robotics components and integration environment (BPEL or CAD for robotics)?

It should be possible to take the formal description of robotics components (in form of ontology, formal API descriptions or other kind of formal specification of the capabilities and requirements of ...
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1 answer
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router tilting mechanism

I am trying to design a very rigid tilting mechanism for my router. For this purpose I had a look at table saws, which seem to be supported by 2 mechanisms, one in front, one at the back, called "...
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-2 votes
1 answer
55 views

how do i select light-weight 6dof robot?

I plan to do some scientific research, after modeling and path planning for the robot, The algorithm outputs the Joint control torque(or Joint variable), and then i want to input this result to the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Autonomous vessel general design

I have been asking a couple of questions here and around on autonomous boats and finally I decided to post the design and gather some feedback. The idea is to build a small vessel capable of advanced ...
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3 votes
1 answer
460 views

Can a state matrix have a row of zeros?

While formulating a state matrix of a system, say a system of a typical cruise controller, \begin{equation} \begin{bmatrix} \dot{v} \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} -\frac{b}{m} \end{bmatrix} \begin{...
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1 vote
0 answers
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How is a shear pad of remote compliance device formed?

I am researching on mechanical design of remote compliance devices (RCC)†. In the RCC, manufactured by ATI, they use shear pads for lateral compliance. They mention that shear pads are ...
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1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Difference between form closure and force closure

What exactly is the difference between both the above terms? From some of the papers I realize that force closure depends on the frictional forces. Is it correct? Suppose I to grasp a cylindrical ...
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1 vote
1 answer
197 views

is designing a pcb with multiple controllers a good schematic design?

I am trying to design a bot, it has to measure the temp I am using an 8051 so the adc is taking up a lot of i/o pins so I am thinking of switching it out with a thermostat or put another controller ...
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0 votes
2 answers
1k views

Line follower robot with 2 or 4 motors?

I am developing a line follower robot and I am not sure about how many motors should I use: two or four. I'm thinking of using four, but I do not know if it's worth it (it will let the car be heavier, ...
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0 votes
2 answers
123 views

Permanent Magnet DC Motor Calcuations

I have to determine speed and torque suitable for my combat robot. I've done some calculations and I need to know whether they're right or not (because they don't seem to be right). Suppose I have ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Is it better to use software or hardware for object sorting?

For a sorting machine where the objects to be sorted have various sizes, color, shapes, and patterns, is it more optimal (in terms of minimal time of the overall process and maximal precision and ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Is this large bipedal robot real or realizable?

I saw this link today. This robot seems real, but redditors on a reddit thread argued that it might be CGI. It doesn't seem unfeasible to make such as robot IMO. There isn't anything out of the norm ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Comparison of Balance Bot design

I'm planning to build a Balance Bot and I would like to know which design should I go with. There's a vertical design such as the ArduRoller and on the other hand, there's the typical stacked type of ...
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1 vote
0 answers
73 views

Mechanism to oscillate a human leg?

I'm working on creating a robotic device capable of oscillating an adult human leg using the knee as pivot, being able to constrain the amplitude of oscillation by controlling the mechanism with a ...
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