Questions tagged [computer-vision]

The goal of computer vision is an automatic extraction of information out of images. It includes methods for acquiring, processing, analyzing, and understanding images and high-dimensional data from the real world in order to produce numerical or symbolic information, e.g., in the forms of decisions. The image data can take many forms, such as video sequences, views from multiple cameras, or multi-dimensional data from a medical scanner.

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25 views

What hardware to choose for very simple computer-vision, map building and motion planning? [closed]

I want to build a small robot to detect paper edges on which it is located while moving, to get its size (a4, a5 etc), build its map and plan the path. Ideally paper could be any color, shape and size,...
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11 views

How to find fundamental matrix based on other fundamental matrix and camera movement?

I am trying to speed up some multi-camera system that relies on calculation of fundamental matrices between each camera pair. Please notice the following is pseudocode. ...
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24 views

Center line steering with differential drive

I’ve got 2 motors that drives my unit and I can easily steer it manually by simply adding more speed to one wheel vs the other. Now I’m automating the rover using image processing to follow a driveway....
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19 views

How does baseline work with forward motion in Monocular Visual Odometry

In my computer vision class we are studying visual odometry. In this we calculate the Fundamental matrix using 2 frames from forward motion using the concept of stereo-vision. But in stereo vision the ...
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2answers
46 views

roslaunch exit code 2 error

I am implementing a simple roslaunch file but I am getting an exit code 2 status I have pasted the exact log below any idea what would cause this and how I can rectify it. ...
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36 views

Mobile robotic arm camera position

I'm working on my graduation project which is a mobile robotic arm that performs pick and place tasks. I wanted to know the possible ways to mount the camera where i can reach the desired destination ...
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1answer
21 views

Explanation of the epipolar constraint in stereo imaging

I am watching this video, in which the epipolar constraint is defined as $x_l \cdot (x_l \times t)=0$ It means that the vector $x_l$ that passes through the observed point and the left camera origin ...
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What is the usual output format for 3D BBox detection?

I have read several papers dealing with 3D BBox detection. However the wording is quite convoluted and I don't see the results obviously. I am trying to download the KITTI benchmark data to check it ...
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22 views

What are the usual results for pedestrian posture detection?

When talking about lane detection in a road, usually robotic computer vision system give lines in an image. For detecting obstacles, those system give Bounding Boxes. My question is, for pedestrian (...
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1answer
36 views

Unstable principal point estimation in zoom camera calibration

I have a camera with a 1/2.9" image sensor from FLIR and a 12-50mm motorized zoom lens from Theia. Because the lens is a motorized zoom lens, I tried to calibrate the camera for different zoom ...
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101 views

Number of pixels required to identify something

When using an RGB camera, what is the minimum number of pixels of an object that you need to identify something (theoretical or rule of thumb)? The image would be taken out in the wild with a complex ...
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24 views

Can you plug a CMOS camera (like the iPhone 8 back camera) into an mPCIe in a laptop?

I read that 12 megapixel iPhone cameras don’t record video in 12 megapixels because the processors are not able to keep up. It seems though, that if I could plug the CMOS sensor to the CPU of a laptop,...
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3D real-world coordinates detection of an object using Multi camera set up

I have multiple cameras that are stationary and provide a view of a certain area, and I have an object that has some markers on it and I am able to detect it, I want to gather the data from the ...
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51 views

Cheap global shutter cameras with external synchronization

Please recommend cameras for multi-camera setup satisfying the following conditions: Relatively cheap (up to 100$ per camera). Global shutter. No filters on lenses or pixels. Resolution of 1 MP or ...
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1answer
44 views

Autonomous harvesting robots. What are model possible components and interactions for the entire system? [closed]

I found a video which talk about best autonomous robots that use IA technology to harvest crops. The video is very interesting because, the “ecosystem” of each robot varies a lot from company to ...
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1answer
53 views

Depth camera pixel values to 3D coordinates

I have a robotic arm 6-DOF and an Intel RealSense depth camera. I want to go from pixel values to 3D world coordinates, is it possible with eye-in-hand calibration? If yes can you guide me on how to ...
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19 views

Semantic Segmentation vs Optical Flow Object Detection

Can anybody compare semantic segmentation against optical flow for pixel-level clustering and object detection?
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Understanding how the Kinect v1 works with Structured Light to compute disparity

I am reading this description here concerning calibration of the Kinect v1. I am trying to get an understanding of how it all works. From what I understand, the kinect has an near-infrared projector ...
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Unseen object segmentation problem

I have the following task: to select all the individual items in the RGB image into separate segments, and among these items there may be items that have not been used before. I have attached an ...
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3answers
341 views

ROS Webcam Stream Really Slow

I am trying to stream the images from my camera to a VM via ROS. Here is my setup: Raspberry Pi 3B+ with Picamera v2. It is running ROS Noetic with cv_camera_node ...
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1answer
125 views

Visual Odometry terminology: Scale, Relative scale, absolute scale

I'm watching a MOOC about Machine Vision for Robotics, but I really do not know the meaning of some vocabulary of this domain. For example, What does the professor mean when he says this: However, we ...
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2answers
53 views

Is two cameras equivalent to Stereo camera setup?

I have two webcams, which are mounted close together. I plan to use them to find out the true depth of certain pixels of images. Suppose I use a standard multi camera calibration setup and find out ...
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Is there any RAPID instruction to save image as variable in YuMi integrated vision without using RobotStudio?

I want to perceive the images from the cameras embedded in YuMi IRB 14000 arms and store them as videos, in Ubuntu without using ABB RobotStudio. is there any way to do that? if yes how can I do that ...
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641 views

What are the purpose of pre-trained weights for YOLO object detector?

Dear Research Community, I am new to object detection research and currently working on a project which will detect people using YOLO from a top-down camera image. While looking through tutorials for ...
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1answer
446 views

Is easier to detect a large or a small marker? (Aruco / Apriltags)

I need to detect Aruco/Apriltags markers and perform pose estimation, but I've no particular constraint on their physical size. I'm not talking about the number of square (e.g. 4x4, 6x6, etc.), but of ...
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31 views

Choosing cameras for stereo vision system?

I'm in the process of building a stereo vision system with YOLO detection. The system have to detect airplanes in far distance and also measure the depth from the airplane to the camera. I think ...
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2answers
53 views

How well does object detection transfer from simulation to reality? [closed]

I'm looking to learn more about this sim-to-real gap. I'm new to the concept and am trying to understand what to look for. Most notably i'm curious about how well an object detection algorithm trained ...
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74 views

Trajectory planning in unstructured environments

How is trajectory planning normally carried out in off-road/unstructured environments? In particular I'm interested in how stereo vision can be used to plot trajectories over obstacles - for example, ...
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23 views

Size of smallest feature from pixel depth resolution

How do I get the size in mm of the smallest feature a depth camera can detect? Known variables are: distance from the target (for instance 1 meter), depth resolution in pixels (for instance 1280 x 720)...
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1answer
110 views

How can I calibrate 3 cameras without knowing global pose of the object & camera locations? How can I find the pose of each camera wrt the first one?

I have camera feed (in the form of RGB images) from 3 cameras with partially overlapping Field-of-view i.e. for the time stamp 0 to 100, I have total 300 frames or say synchronized 100 RGB frames for ...
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2answers
283 views

Triangulation: Ceres solver minimizes only the last residual block

I have been attempting to estimate a bunch of 3d coordinates viewed via a multi-view setup with known poses, I have the code running, but the output of ceres seems baffling. There are 7 image frames/...
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1answer
97 views

How is the depth estimation done in DTAM / LSD-SLAM (direct VSLAM)?

I know that DTAM and LSD-SLAM both employ the photometric error between two keyframes to estimate the image depth. But I don't know what the photometric error describes precisely. In the DTAM paper, I ...
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1answer
72 views

Computing Essential Matrix from Fundamental Matrix

I have calibrated my cameras using OpenCV. I used cv.stereoCalibrate to get the E, and F matrices. I wanted to do a sanity check to see if the E matrix obtained is ...
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1answer
44 views

Automatic License Plate Recognition System in Highway

We are working on a computer vision project where an automated robotic system will be deployed on a 3-lane highway. We are using a bosch IP camera (I don't remember the model exactly, but it cost ...
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1answer
41 views

Sensors to detect targets in low visibility environment

I want to know what type of sensor hardware I need to allow detection of moving targets (20mm - 200mm size range) in heavily murky water, where visibility range of typical camera can be limited to 0.5 ...
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2answers
150 views

Guidance on SBC for Visual-Based SLAM [closed]

Intro: I am a student that just started a project regarding prototyping a mobile robot that involve Indoor SLAM implementation. I am very new to the field of computer vision, SLAM and SBC (single ...
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52 views

How does inverse compositional Lucas–Kanade algorithm work?

I am trying to understand the Lucas–Kanade algorithm since I am reading a paper in which is applied the inverse compositional Lucas–Kanade algorithm, but in order to understand the latter I have to ...
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1answer
44 views

Dual constraint non-linear optimization for SLAM

I am trying to achieve a nonlinear optimization for SLAM on a function that contains two different constraints, like this : $$ T_{opt} = \underset{T}{\arg\min} \sum_i(\left\lVert T.X_i - x_i \right\...
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1answer
40 views

Good Software Projects for Aspiring Engineers [closed]

With the pandemic going on, our school has decided to officially shutdown all sponsored club meetings. Now that we are all digital, our robotics club was looking for projects that students can do at ...
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43 views

Intel Realsense Cameras for Object Avoidance and SLAM to go to destination

My goal is to make a UAV which can search an area while avoiding obstacles. I figured I would navigate using the SLAM and Intel Realsense D435i (a stereoscopic camera with an IMU built in), but all of ...
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39 views

Intel RealSense Depth Camera D435i Wide Imager questions?

I have just ordered my d435i and while it was not intended to do NDVI I read the data sheet and noticed it had seperate image sensors, it is possible to read the IR image from either left, right or ...
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19 views

Single Camera + Laser Projector Triangulation

I want to combine a laser line projector (projects a laser plane) and a single web camera to determine the X, Y, Z position of the laser point. I am slightly confused as to how to use the fact that we ...
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1answer
29 views

Tracking 3D motion using a stereo camera

Assuming you have a fixed stereo camera, looking at a rigid object, what are the techniques used to track the object? My google searches lead me to optical flow and similar algorithms, but I believe ...
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Interpreting results from Camera Calibration?

I used OpenCV's findChessboardCorners on a few checkerboard images (40~) and about 27 seemed to find the corners accurately. How does one proceed from here? Do I calculate the reprojection error over ...
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1answer
6k views

AprilTag vs Aruco markers [closed]

AprilTag and Aruco are both popular methods for vision-based fiducial marker pose estimation. What are the pros and cons of each fiducial marker pose estimation systems?
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2answers
180 views

How to handle landmarks in Bundle Adjustment?

At the moment I try to understand Bundle Adjustment on a level to be able to implement it on my own. The major point I'm still confused at is the management of the landmarks. So, let's think of a few ...
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1answer
43 views

Camera mounted on robotic arm - XYZ mapping

I have a 5 axis robotic arm that has a depth camera mounted near the toolhead on the left side. I have object detection software running on the camera and can find the XYZ of any object in mm that ...
2
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0answers
32 views

Disparity error in active light stereo systems?

Based on this relationship, if we have to estimate the 'disparity error' of a stereo system which uses active light on the scene - can we estimate the disparity error to be very small? According to ...
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1answer
30 views

Active Light Stereopsis: 1 Camera + Projector Vs. 2 Camera + Projector

What is the difference between using 1 Camera and a Projector and using 2 Cameras and a Projector for creating structure from motion? Is it that if we use only 1 camera and a projector then we will ...
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2answers
48 views

Facial Detection combined with Path Planning using Kinect Sensor

I am planning to use a Kinect Sensor on a mobile robot for path planning based on facial detection. Assuming I am able to detect the faces of 5 individuals in a room (both the environment and the ...

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