I'm looking to build a test rig for a robot that rotates a 1" diameter pipe 180º (roll not yaw or pitch). I am currently testing a motor's performance when subjected to various kinds of PWM (high duty cycle, low duty cycle, etc). I would like to characterize how this performs under various loads.
Is there a simple mechanical mechanism I can attach to a fixture and insert into or around the pipe that lets me control how easy or difficult it is to rotate?
I am thinking of something like a drill bit chuck that fits inside the pipe and expands or a circular clutch that clamps down around pipe to add resistance when one tightens a thumbscrew. I would like to go from no resistance to full stop for a 4N•m motor. I would like to be able to test how 'sticky' the pipe is using a torque wrench.
I imagine this would be very simple but I can't think of something that would do this!