I have been working on a line following robot for a line tracing competition. It has 7 IR sensors for line detection and the robot size is limited based on the competition rules. The robot structure is similar to the one shown in this question Length and Width of a Line Following Robot.
My questions is, given a fixed robot length and fixed distance between the wheels and the caster wheel, should be distance between the differential wheels be as big as possible or as small as possible, if there are sharp turns (90 degrees and more) in the competition map?
I watched this youtube video Control of Mobile Robots- 2.2 Differential Drive Robotsand it says the car turning speed is $R*(v_l-v_r)/L$ where $R$ is the wheel radius, $L$ is distance between wheels, $v_l$ and $v_r$ are angular speed of left and right wheels. From this equation, it seems the $L$ should be as small as possible, and $R$ should be as big as possible, to allow fast turning. However, I saw so many designs with big $L$ and very small $R$, like the one showing below. So I am not sure if I understood the equation correctly or I missed something.