I'm working on an exercise about DH-parameters for my robotics course in university and I ran into a problem, because my solution is different from the one given by my professor. I calculated the DH-parameters $\theta=\theta_1-90˚, d=20m, a=0, \alpha=-90˚$. So far my solution is identical with the one of my professor. Now the next task is to calculate the transformation matrix $T_{0,1}$ using the calculated DH-parameters. Now I calculated: \begin{equation} T_{0,1}= \left(\begin{matrix} \cos(\theta_1-90) & 0 & -sin(\theta_1-90) & 0 \\ sin(\theta_1-90) & 0 & cos(\theta_1-90) & 0 \\ 0 & -1 & 0 & 20\\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{matrix}\right) \end{equation} Now the solution of my professor states: \begin{equation} T_{0,1}= \left(\begin{matrix} \cos(\theta_1-90) & 0 & -sin(\theta_1-90) & 0 \\ sin(\theta_1-90) & 1 & cos(\theta_1-90) & 0 \\ 0 & -1 & 0 & 20\\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{matrix}\right) \end{equation} Which is almost what I got, but not exactly since they put a 1 where I put a 0 in position (2,2). After multiplicating the transformation matrixes of the single DH-parameters I had found that the position (2,2) evaluates to $\cos(\theta_i)\cdot\cos(\alpha_i)$ and since since $cos(-90˚)$ evaluates to 0 it should be 0, or not? Where am I wrong?

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    $\begingroup$ Your professor's solution seems fishy. I would check if the two matrices are actually rotation matrices by verifying that M*M^T = I (the matrix multiplied by its transpose should give you the identity). $\endgroup$ – alecive Dec 27 '18 at 21:16

Your professor has made an error, but he or she is only human.

The upper-left 3x3 matrix must be an orthonormal rotation matrix. Every column of that must have a unit norm. The second column $[0, 1, -1]^T$ has a norm of $\sqrt{2}$ which makes the rotation matrix invalid.

  • $\begingroup$ Sorry for answering that late. Thanks for your help. I didn’t bother checking that, because I assumed my professor did $\endgroup$ – Max Jan 9 at 21:03

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